Tye’s Representationalism: Feeling the Heat?

Abstract

According to Tye’s PANIC theory of consciousness, perceptualstates of creatures which are related to a disjunction ofexternal contents will fail to represent sensorily, andthereby fail to be conscious states. In this paper I arguethat heat perception, a form of perception neglected in therecent literature, serves as a counterexample to Tye’sradical externalist claim. Having laid out Tye’s `absentqualia’ scenario, the PANIC theory from which it derivesand the case of heat perception as a counterexample, Idefend the putative counterexample against three possibleresponses: (1) that heat perception represents general(i.e. non-disjunctive) intrinsic properties of objects,(2) that heat perception represents the non-specific heatenergy that is transferred between a subject’s body andanother body and (3) that heat perception exclusivelyrepresents heat properties of the subject’s own body.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

REFERENCES

  1. Armstrong, D.H. (1962): Bodily Sensations, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Martin, J.H. and Jessel, T.M. (1991): ‘Modality Coding in the Somatic Sensory System’, in E. Kandel, J.H. Schwartz and T.M. Jessel (eds.), Principles of Neural Science, 3rd edn. (pp. 341–352), New York: Elsevier.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Strang, C. (1961): ‘The Perception of Heat’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 61, 239–252.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Tye, M. (1995): Ten Problems of Consciousness, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Tye, M. (2000): Consciousness, Color, and Content, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Vesey, G.N.A. (1960): ‘Berkeley and Sensations of Heat’, The Philosophical Review 69, 201–210.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gray, R. Tye’s Representationalism: Feeling the Heat?. Philosophical Studies 115, 245–256 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025129319705

Download citation

Keywords

  • Intrinsic Property
  • Conscious State
  • Radical Externalist
  • Putative Counterexample
  • Heat Perception