Skip to main content

Broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal properties of certain traditionally used Indian medicinal plants

Abstract

Ethanolic extracts of 22 traditionally used Indian medicinal plants were studied for their antimicrobial activity against seven bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, S. paratyphi, S. typhi, E. coli, Shigella dysenteriae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and five filamentous fungi (Aspergillus niger, Alternaria alternata, Fusarium chlamydosporum, Rhizoctonia bataticola and Trichoderma viride) and a yeast Candida albicans of clinical origin. Of these, 16 plant extracts showed varied level of antibacterial activity against one or more test bacteria. Similarly antifungal and anticandidal activity was detected among 17 and 9 plant extracts respectively. Broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity (both antibacterial and antifungal) was detected among crude extracts of Bryophyllum pinnatum (leaves), Caesalpinia bonducella (seeds), Delonix regia (flower), Hedychium spicatum (fruits), Mangifera indica (leaves), Murraya coenigii (leaves) and Syzgium cumini (seeds). Similarly extracts of Cichorium intybus (roots), Ficus religiosa (leaves) and Trigonella foenum-graecum (leaves) demonstrated more antibacterial activity with less antifungal activity. On the other hand Pistacia integerrima (stems) and Rheum emodi (roots) demonstrated more antifungal activity with less antibacterial activity.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Ahmad, I. & Beg, A.Z. 2001 Antimicrobial and phytochemical studies on 45 Indian medicinal plants against multi-drug resistant human pathogens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 74, 113–123.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ahmad, I., Mehmood, Z. & Mohammad, F. 1998 Screening of some Indian medicinal plants for their antimicrobial properties. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 62, 183–193.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Aswal, B.S., Goel, A.K., Kulshreshtha, D.K., Mehtrota, B.N. & Patnaik, G.K. 1996 Screening of Indian medicinal plants for biological activity. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 34, 444–467.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bruneton, J. 1995 Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal plants. pp. 265–380. France: Lavoisiler Publishing Co. ISBN.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chopra, R.N., Nayer, S.L. & Chopra, I.C. 1992 Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants, pp. 7–246. 3rd Edn. New Delhi: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. ISBN.

    Google Scholar 

  • Perez, C., Pauli, M. & Bazerque, P. 1990 An antibiotic assay by the well agar method. Acta Biologica et Medica Experimentalis 15, 113–115.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saeed, M.A., & Ford, M.R. 1998 Antibacterial activity of some constituents from the seeds of Caesalpinia bonducela (L) Fleming. Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy Gari University 15, 16–70.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomas, E., Shanmugham, J. & Raf, M.M. 1999 In-vitro antibacterial activity of certain medicinal plants. Biomedicine 19, 185–190.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Aqil, F., Ahmad, I. Broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal properties of certain traditionally used Indian medicinal plants. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 19, 653–657 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025128104056

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025128104056

  • Antibacterial
  • antifungal activities
  • Indian medicinal plants
  • pathogenic microbes