An understanding of attitudes toward violence against women is vital for effective prevention strategies. In this study we examined attitudes regarding violence against women in samples of undergraduate women and men students from four countries: India, Japan, Kuwait, and the United States. Attitudes toward sexual assault and spousal physical violence differed between men and women and across the four countries. Variations in gender differences across countries indicated that, for attitudes regarding sexual assault of women in particular, sociocultural factors may be a stronger influence than gender. Findings suggest the importance of examining differences within the larger sociocultural context of political, historical, religious, and economic influences on attitudes toward gender roles and violence against women.
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Nayak, M.B., Byrne, C.A., Martin, M.K. et al. Attitudes Toward Violence Against Women: A Cross-Nation Study. Sex Roles 49, 333–342 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025108103617