Sex Roles

, Volume 49, Issue 7–8, pp 333–342 | Cite as

Attitudes Toward Violence Against Women: A Cross-Nation Study

  • Madhabika B. NayakEmail author
  • Christina A. Byrne
  • Mutsumi K. Martin
  • Anna George Abraham


An understanding of attitudes toward violence against women is vital for effective prevention strategies. In this study we examined attitudes regarding violence against women in samples of undergraduate women and men students from four countries: India, Japan, Kuwait, and the United States. Attitudes toward sexual assault and spousal physical violence differed between men and women and across the four countries. Variations in gender differences across countries indicated that, for attitudes regarding sexual assault of women in particular, sociocultural factors may be a stronger influence than gender. Findings suggest the importance of examining differences within the larger sociocultural context of political, historical, religious, and economic influences on attitudes toward gender roles and violence against women.

violence attitudes gender culture 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madhabika B. Nayak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christina A. Byrne
    • 2
  • Mutsumi K. Martin
    • 3
  • Anna George Abraham
    • 4
  1. 1.Alcohol Research GroupBerkeley
  2. 2.Western Washington UniversityBellingham
  3. 3.Bukkyo UniversityKyotoJapan
  4. 4.Lady Shri Ram CollegeUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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