Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 1–14 | Cite as

The Effects of Demographic Variables and Stereotype Threat on Black/White Differences in Cognitive Ability Test Performance

  • Patrick F. McKayEmail author
  • Dennis Doverspike
  • Doreen Bowen-Hilton
  • Quintonia D. McKay


The present study examined whether a set of demographic variables and stereotype threat could explain African-American/White mean differences in cognitive ability test performance. African Americans and Whites were found to significantly differ in stereotype threat and educational attainment of participants' fathers (i.e., father education). In moderate support of our study hypothesis, stereotype threat and father education partially mediated race differences in cognitive ability test scores. Implications for study findings are discussed, and limitations of the study are noted.

demographics stereotype threat cognitive ability 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick F. McKay
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dennis Doverspike
    • 2
  • Doreen Bowen-Hilton
    • 3
  • Quintonia D. McKay
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Business AdministrationUniversity of Wisconsin–MilwaukeeMilwaukee
  2. 2.University of AkronUSA
  3. 3.Fayetteville State UniversityUSA
  4. 4.Columbia HospitalUSA

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