Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 203–212 | Cite as

The Psychological Effects of Forced Emigration on Muslim Albanian Children and Adolescents

  • Tülin Yurtbay
  • Behiye Alyanak
  • Osman Abali
  • Nimet Kaynak
  • Melek Durukan


Objectives: The object of this study was to investigate the psychological effects of forced emigration on Muslim Albanian children and adolescents who were forced to emigrate due to the war in Kosova. Method: The sample of the study consisted of 150 children between the ages 9–12 and 100 adolescents between the ages 15–19 living in the Gaziosmanpaşa Refugee Shelter in Turkey, and as a control group, 66 children and 52 adolescents; making a total of 368 subjects were included in the study. We applied State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) as well as a semi-structured open-ended questionnaire investigating the socio-demographic characteristics and psychiatric symptoms of the study and control groups. Results: Trait anxiety (TAI) levels of the children in the study group are higher than these in the control group. The analysis of the average Depressive Symptom scores of study group children (M = 15.70) and control group children (M = 7.37) was conducted with the application of t-test. The highly significant values of t = 7.73 p < 0.0001 indicate depressive symptoms among study group. Trait anxiety (TAİ) scores of study group adolescents were higher than these in the control group (M = 43.56) and (M = 35.59), respectively and the values of t = 5.95, p < 0.0001 show that this is a highly significant difference. The comparison of the average depressive (BDI) symptom scores of study group and control group adolescents (M = 17.57 and M = 4.59 respectively) revealed the very significant values of t = 7.88, p < 0.0001. The evaluation of the semi-structured questionnaires also revealed that depressive symptoms, somatic symptoms and other psychiatric symptoms were also higher in the study group. Conclusion: Our findings support the common opinion that war and terror incidents severely hurt children.

war children adolescents emigration 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tülin Yurtbay
    • 1
  • Behiye Alyanak
    • 1
  • Osman Abali
    • 1
  • Nimet Kaynak
    • 1
  • Melek Durukan
    • 1
  1. 1.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry of Istanbul Medical FacultyUniversity of IstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Istanbul Tip Fakultesi, Cocuk Psikiyatrisi Anabilim Dali, ÇapaTurkey

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