Social Psychology of Education

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 95–106 | Cite as

Not Very Smart, thus Moral: Dimensional Comparisons Between Academic Self-Concept and Honesty

  • Jens MöllerEmail author
  • Karel Savyon


Three studies explored the influence of self-evaluation in one domain (e.g., the academic domain) on self-evaluation in another domain (e.g., morality), assuming a process of intra-personal dimensional comparisons (i.e., comparisons between self-evaluations in two different domains). A pre-study with N = 143 university students replicated the ‘Muhammad Ali effect’, that is, the tendency to rate one's own honesty higher than one's own intelligence. As suggested in our assumptions regarding dimensional comparisons, Study 1 (N = 70) then showed that low self-concept students rated their honesty slightly more positive than high self-concept students. More important, in Study 2 (N = 64) participants who just experienced academic failure in an experimental task rated their honesty slightly more positive than students who experienced academic success. Therefore, it was demonstrated that academic outcome influenced self-concept in a non-academic domain. Results are discussed with regard to their implications for the extension of the I/E model.


Social Psychology Social Context Education Research Experimental Task Academic Success 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of BielefeldBielefeldGermany

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