Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 1145–1156 | Cite as

Strategies for agrobiodiversity conservation and promotion: a case from Yunnan, China

  • Chun-Lin Long
  • Heng Li
  • Zhiqin Ouyang
  • Xiangyun Yang
  • Qin Li
  • Bruce Trangmar


This paper deals with strategies for agrobiodiversity conservation and promotion based on studies on four plant groups (selected from 50 plant groups) occurring in the Yunnan Province of China. These plants are edible konjac (Amorphophallus), medicinal Paris, Musella lasiocarpa and wild tea (Camellia sinensis and its wild relatives), including their cultivars and wild populations. After analyzing the target plants, we conclude that the following strategies should be adopted to conserve and promote agrobiodiversity: (1) in situ conservation of agrobiodiversity, including habitat protection of wild populations, maintenance of native species and varieties in traditional agroecosystems, and relevant environmental education; (2) ex situ conservation and promotion of agrobiodiversity, including establishment of living collections and germplasm banks, and introduction of species and varieties into agroecosystems for agricultural practice; and (3) promotion and conservation of agrobiodiversity through sustainable uses, including technique development of propagation, cultivation, pest and disease control, on farm and off farm management, and other activities such as new variety breeding and scientific studies. Strategies developed here will be helpful to conserve and promote agrobiodiversity at agroecosystem, species, variety or landrace, and management system levels.

Agrobiodiversity Amorphophallus Conservation and promotion Musella Paris Strategy Wild tea Yunnan 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Altieri M.A. 1987. The significance of diversity in the maintenance of the sustainability of traditional agroecosystems. ILEIA Newsletter 3: 3–7.Google Scholar
  2. Altieri M.A. and Merrick L.C. 1988. In situ conservation of crop genetic resources through maintenance of traditional farming systems. Economic Botany 41: 86–96.Google Scholar
  3. CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) 2000. Documents on the Fifth Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice.–10e.Google Scholar
  4. Chen L.Z. 2000. Notes on biodiversity studies. Biodiversity Science 7: 308–311.Google Scholar
  5. Dao Z.L., Chen W.S., Guo H.J., Duan H.L. and Duan J.G. 2000. Household-based agrobiodiversity assessment of house garden in Hanlong Village of Baoshan, east slope of Gaoligong Mountains. Acta Botanica Yunnanica Suppl. XII: 102–112.Google Scholar
  6. Global Environment Facility 1998. A Framework for GEF Activities Concerning Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity Important to Agriculture. GEF, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  7. Guo H.J. and Padoch C. 1995. Patterns and management of agroforestry systems in Yunnan, an approach to upland rural development. Global Environmental Change 5: 273–279.Google Scholar
  8. Guo H.J. and Long C.L. 1998. Biodiversity of Yunnan.Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming, China, pp. 107–120.Google Scholar
  9. Guo H.J., Padoch C., Fu Y.N., Chen A.G. and Dao Z.L. 2000. Agrobiodiversity assessment and in situ conservation. Acta Botanica Yunnanica Suppl. XII: 7–41.Google Scholar
  10. Hagmann J. and Muller A. (eds) 2001. Incentive Measures for Sustainable Use and Conservation of Agrobiodiversity. SADC Plant Genetic Resource Center, Lusaka, Zambia, pp. 19–20.Google Scholar
  11. Hetteroscheid W. 1996. A revision of Amorphophallus. Aroideana 19: 2–32.Google Scholar
  12. Jarvis D.I. 1999. Strengthening the scientific basis of in situ conservation of agricultural biodiversity on farm. Botanica Lithuanica Suppl. 2: 79–90.Google Scholar
  13. Jarvis D.I., Sthapit B. and Sears L. (eds) 2001. Conserving Agricultural Biodiversity In Situ: A Scientific Basis for Sustainable Use. Proceedings of An IPGRI Workshop, Pokhara, Nepal. pp. 5–12.Google Scholar
  14. Landcare Research New Zealand 2001. ADB-GEF TA-3372–PRC Yunnan Comprehensive Agricultural Development and Biodiversity Conservation Project: Final Report. Landcare Research New Zealand, Lincoln, New Zealand, pp. 68–92.Google Scholar
  15. Li H. (ed.) 1998. The Genus Paris (Trilliaceae). Science Press, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  16. Li X.W. 1994. Two endemism centers of plants in Yunnan. In: Wu Z.Y. (ed.), Proceedings of Symposium on Biodiversity Conservation in Yunnan.Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming, China, pp. 23–29.Google Scholar
  17. Li H. and Long C.L. 1989. New taxa of Amorphophallus in China. Aroideana 11: 1–6.Google Scholar
  18. Li H. and Long C.L. 1998a. Taxonomic issues of Amorphophallus from China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 20: 167–170.Google Scholar
  19. Li H. and Long C.L. 1998b. A preliminary revision of Araceae of China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 20: 12–23.Google Scholar
  20. Li H., Guo H.J. and Dao Z.L. (eds) 2000. Flora of Gaoligong Mountains. Science Press, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  21. Long C.L. 1996. The development potential of Musella lasiocarpa. In: Ai Y.B. et al. (eds), Proceedings of Symposium on Enterprises and Marketing of Special Animals and Plants in Yunnan. Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming, China, pp. 168–176.Google Scholar
  22. Long C.L. 1998. Ethnobotany of Amorphophallus of China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 20: 89–92.Google Scholar
  23. Long C.L. 2000. Agrobiodiversity of Yunnan. In: Zhou Y.X. (ed.), Proceedings of 2000 Conference on Biodiversity and Conservation between the Taiwan Strait. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Taichung, China, pp. 413–423.Google Scholar
  24. Long C.L. and Li H. 2000. Amorphophallus zengianus (Araceae), a new Chinese species from Yunnan. Novon 10: 125–127.Google Scholar
  25. Long C.L. and Wang J.R. 1996. Studies on traditional tea-gardens of Jinuo Nationality, China. In: Jai S.K. (ed.), Ethnobiology in Human Welfare. Deep Publications, New Delhi, India, pp. 339–344.Google Scholar
  26. Long C.L. and Zhou Y.L. 2001. Indigenous community forest management of Jinuo people's swidden agroecosystems in southwest China. Biodiversity and Conservation 10: 753–767.Google Scholar
  27. Long C.L., Li Y.H., Wang J.R. and Pei S.J. 1995. Crop diversity in swidden agroecosystems of the Jinuoshan in Xishuangbanna, China. In: Pei S.J. and Sajise P. (eds), Regional Studies on Biodiversity: Concept, Framework, and Methods. Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming, Taichung, China, pp. 151–157.Google Scholar
  28. Lu Z.W. (ed.) 1999. A Glossary of Highland Plants in Lijiang. Yunnan Nationalities Press, Kunming, China, pp 1–390.Google Scholar
  29. Luo J.F., Long C.L. and Zhou Y.L. 2001. Ecological environment and introduction experiments of three wild tea species from Yunnan. Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research 19: 39–45.Google Scholar
  30. Martin S.W. 2000. Crop strengthens through diversity. Nature 406: 681–682.Google Scholar
  31. Min T.L. 1992. A revision of Section Thea (Camellia, Theaceae). Acta BotanicaYunnanica 14: 115–132.Google Scholar
  32. McNeely J.A. 1995. How traditional agro-ecosystems can contribute to conserving biodiversity. In: Conserving Biological Diversity: An Overview. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  33. Myers N., Mittermeier R.A., Mittermeier C.G., da Fonceca G.A.B. and Kent J. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853–858.Google Scholar
  34. Partap T. 1998. Managing agrobiodiversity in the HKH region. ICIMOD Newsletter 31: 7–9.Google Scholar
  35. Partap T. and Sthapit B. (eds) 1998. Managing Agrobiodiversity, Farmers' Changing Perspectives and Institutional Resources in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu, Nepal, pp. 1–30.Google Scholar
  36. Pimentel D., Stachow U., Takacs D.A., Brubaker H.W., Dumas A.R., Meaney J.J. et al. 1992. Conserving biological diversity in agricultural/forestry systems: most biological diversity exists in humanmanaged ecosystems. BioScience 42: 354–362.Google Scholar
  37. Sthapit B., Sajise P. and Jarvis D. 2000. Strengthening scientific basis of in situ conservation on-farm: learning experiences from Nepal and Vietnam. In: Xu J.C. (ed.), Links Between Cultures and Biodiversity. Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming, China, pp. 338–361.Google Scholar
  38. Swaminathan M.S. (ed.) 1996. Agrobiodiversity and Farmers' Rights. Vedams Books International, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  39. Thrupp L.A. 1998. Cultivating Diversity: Agrobiodiversity and Food Security. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, pp. 1–28.Google Scholar
  40. Western D. and Pearl M.C. (eds) 1989. Conservation for the Twenty-first Century. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 3–11.Google Scholar
  41. Wood D. and Lenne J.M. (eds) 1999. Agrobiodiversity: Characterization, Utilization and Management. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 1–31.Google Scholar
  42. Wu Z.Y. (ed.) 2000. Flora of Yunnan Vol. XI. Science Press, Beijing, China, pp. 1–2.Google Scholar
  43. Zhou M.D. 2000. Indigenous knowledge and in situ conservation on farm. In: Xu J.C. (ed.), Links between Cultures and Biodiversity. Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming, China, pp. 377–382.Google Scholar
  44. Zhu Y.Y., Chen H.R., Fan J.H., Wang Y., Li Y., Chen J. et al. 2000. Genetic diversity and disease control in rice. Nature 406: 718–722.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun-Lin Long
    • 1
  • Heng Li
    • 1
  • Zhiqin Ouyang
    • 2
  • Xiangyun Yang
    • 3
  • Qin Li
    • 4
  • Bruce Trangmar
    • 5
  1. 1.Chinese Academy of SciencesKunming Institute of BotanyHeilongtan, KunmingChina
  2. 2.Yunnan Introduction and Propagation Center for Rare and Endangered PlantsKunmingChina
  3. 3.Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical GardenChinese Academy of SciencesMenglaChina
  4. 4.Yunnan Provincial Commission for Development and PlanningKunmingChina
  5. 5.Landcare Research New ZealandLincolnNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations