Barriers and Bridges for Successful Environmental Technology Transfer


Governmental policy, social factors, individual behavior, and technology play critical roles in improving the environment. The Department of Defense is not immune to these factors as its actions have, and will continue, to impact its operational environments.

This research analyzes the technological aspect of improving environmental conditions. Of particular interest, are the barriers encountered when laboratories transfer environmental technology to an end-user, and the bridges used to mitigate these barriers. A case study methodology is utilized analyzing five environmental technology transfers within the U.S. Air Force.

Several key barriers and bridges are specific to the transfer of environmental technologies. They include environmental regulatory agency oversight, difficulty in clearly defining the end-user, and the need to demonstrate technologies to potential end-users. However, many barriers and bridges encountered in the environmental technology transfer, are also encountered in the transfer of other technologies. Based on these findings, recommendations are provided for improving the environmental technology transfer process.

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Greiner, M.A., Franza, R.M. Barriers and Bridges for Successful Environmental Technology Transfer. The Journal of Technology Transfer 28, 167–177 (2003).

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  • Economic Growth
  • Transfer Process
  • Regulatory Agency
  • Operational Environment
  • Social Factor