Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 43, Issue 1–2, pp 103–110 | Cite as

Christ and Business Culture: A Study of Christian Executives in Hong Kong

  • Kam-hon Lee
  • Dennis P. McCann
  • MaryAnn Ching


Does Christian faith matter in business? If so, how does it affect the way executives handle managerial issues, especially the ones that are ethically controversial? This paper reports a study of Chinese Christian executives in Hong Kong. The researchers followed an approach known as the Critical Incident Technique and conducted in-depth interviews with 119 Chinese Christian executives over a two year period from 1999 to 2001. Each interview covered four broad areas consisting of the interviewee's description of his or her Christian faith, business experience, reported critical incidents and general remarks on faith and work. For each reported critical incident, the interviewee deliberated on the incident and its background, his or her response, the rationale behind the response and its consequences. Each interview was tape recorded for transcription and analysis. The major contribution of this study is to propose and document a typology of the executives' responses to ethical challenges in business. The typology is based on earlier work on Christ and culture (Niebuhr, 1951; Siker, 1989) and styles of negotiation (Lewicki et al., 2001; et al., 1994). Preliminary research findings indicate that the proposed typology is an effective paradigm. It has the promise of enabling Christian executives to reflect critically on their ethical behavior and to guide their thought towards more effective responses to ethical challenges.

business culture Christ Christian executives Hong Kong 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bitner, Mary Jo, Bernard H. Booms and Mary Stanfield Tetreault: 1990, ‘The Service Encounter: Diagnosing Favorable and Unfavorable Incidents’, Journal of Marketing 54 ( January), 71–84.Google Scholar
  2. Bitner, Mary Jo, Bernard H. Booms and Lois A. Mohr: 1994, ‘Critical Service Encounters: The Employee's Viewpoint’, Journal of Marketing 58 (October), 95–106.Google Scholar
  3. Lewicki, Roy J., David M. Saunders and John M. Christ and Business Culture 109 Minton: 2001, Essentials of Negotiation, Second Edition (Irwin/McGraw-Hill, Boston).Google Scholar
  4. Niebuhr, H. Richard: 1951, Christ and Culture (Harper & Row, New York).Google Scholar
  5. Rubin, Jeffrey Z., Dean G. Pruitt and Sung Hee Kim: 1994, Social Conflict: Escalation, Stalemate and Settlement, Second Edition (McGraw-Hill, New York).Google Scholar
  6. Siker, Louke van Wensveen: 1989, ‘Christ and Business: A Typology for Christian Business Ethics’, Journal of Business Ethics 8, 883–888.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kam-hon Lee
    • 1
  • Dennis P. McCann
    • 2
  • MaryAnn Ching
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Business AdministrationThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatin, N.T.Hong Kong SAR, China
  2. 2.USA
  3. 3.Hong Kong Professional and Education Services, LtdHongkong

Personalised recommendations