Skip to main content

Effectiveness of Dance/Movement Therapy on Reducing Test Anxiety

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Reviews, 84, 191-215.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Bandura, A., Adams, N.E., Hardy, S.B., & Howells, G.N. (1980). Tests of the generality of self-efficacy theory. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 4, 39-66.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Berrol, C. (1992). The neurophysiologic basis of the mind-body connection in dance/movement therapy. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 14, 19-29.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Brooks, D. & Stark, A. (1989). The effect of dance/movement therapy on affect: A pilot study. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 11, 101-111.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Buglione, S.A., Devito, A.J., & Mulloy, J.M. (1990). Traditional group therapy and computer-administered treatment for test anxiety. Anxiety Research, 3, 33-39.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Carver, C. S., Peterson, L.M., Follansbee, D.J., & Scheier, M.F. (1983). Effects of self-directed attention on performance and persistence among persons high and low in test anxiety. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 7, 333-354.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Crowley, C., Crowley, D. & Clodfelter, C. (1986). Effects of a self-coping cognitive treatment for test anxiety. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33, 84-86.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Dendato, K.M., & Diener, D. (1986). Effectiveness of cognitive/relaxation therapy and study-skills training in reducing self-reported anxiety and improving the academic performance of test anxious students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33, 131-135.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Edelmann, Robert J., & Hardwick, Sonya (1986). Test anxiety, past performances and coping strategies. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 7, 255-257.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Endler, N.S., Edwards, J.M., Vitelli, R., & Parker, J. (1989). Assessment of state and trait anxiety: Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales. Anxiety Research, 41, 1-14.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Hanna, J. L. (1988). Dance and Stress. New York, NY: AMS Press.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Keuttel, T.J. (1982). Affective change in dance therapy. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 5, 55-64.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Kindlon, D.J. (1983). Comparison of use of meditation and rest in treatment of test anxiety. Psychological Reports, 53, 931-938.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Leste, A. & Rust, J. (1984). Effect of dance on anxiety. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 58, 767-772.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Levy, F.J. (1992). Dance movement therapy, A healing art. Reston, Virginia: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Liebert, R.M., & Morris, L.W. (1967). Cognitive and emotional components of test anxiety: A distinction and some initial data. Psychological Reports, 20, 975-978.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Register, A.C., May, J.G., Beckham, J.C., & Gustafson, D.J. (1991). Stress inoculation bibliotherapy in the treatment of test anxiety. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38, 115-119.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Ricketts, M.S., & Galloway, R.E. (1984). Effects of three different one-hour single-session treatments for anxiety. Psychological Reports, 54, 115-120.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Ritter, M., & Low, K.G. (1996). Effects of dance/movement therapy: A meta-analysis. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 23, 249-260.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Sarason, I.G., & Sarason, B.R. (1990). Test anxiety. In Harold Leitenber (Ed.) Handbook of Social and Evaluation Anxiety, (pp. 475-495). New York, NY: Plenum Press.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Sarason, I.G. (1978). The Test Anxiety Scale: Concept and research. In C.C. Spielberger & I.G. Sarason (Eds.) Stress and Anxiety, (pp. 193-216). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Schaer, B. & Isom, S. (1988). Effectiveness of progressive relaxation on test anxiety and visual perception. Psychological Reports, 63, 511-518.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Schilder, P. (1950). The image and appearance of the human body. New York: International Universities Press.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Schwarzer, R., van der Ploeg, H.M., & Spielberger, C.D. (Eds.) (1982). Advances in test anxiety research, Vol. 1. Hillsdale, NJ. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Schwarzer, R. & Jerusalem, M. (1989) Development of test anxiety in high school students. Spielberger, Sarason & Strelau (Eds.) in Stress and Anxiety, (pp. 69-79). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Schmais, C. (1985). Healing processes in group dance therapy. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 8, 17-36.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Smith, R. (1989). Effects of coping skills training on generalized self-efficacy and locus of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 228-233.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Spielberger, C.D. (1980). Preliminary professional manual for the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Spielberger, C.D., & Vagg, P.R. (1987). The treatment of test anxiety: A transactional process model. In Schwarzer, van der Ploeg and Spielberger (Eds.) Advances in Test Anxiety Research. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Spielberger, C.D., Anton, W.D., & Bedell, J. (1976). The nature and treatment of test anxiety. In Zuckerman, M. and Spielberger, C. (Eds.) Emotions and anxiety: New concepts, methods and applications. New York: LEA/Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  31. Topp, R. (1989). Effect of relaxation or exercise on undergraduates test anxiety. Perceptual and Motor Skill, 69, 35-41.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Erwin-Grabner, T., Goodill, S.W., Hill, E.S. et al. Effectiveness of Dance/Movement Therapy on Reducing Test Anxiety. American Journal of Dance Therapy 21, 19–34 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022882327573

Download citation

Keywords

  • Health Psychology
  • Test Anxiety
  • Reduce Test Anxiety