Advertisement

Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 199–205 | Cite as

A new genus of hard ticks in Cretaceous Burmese amber (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae)

  • George PoinarJr
  • Alex E. Brown
Article

Abstract

A hard tick larva in Cretaceous Burmese amber is described as Cornupalpatum burmanicum n. g., n. sp. Diagnostic characters include a subcircular body with a marginal groove, 11 festoons, elongate four-segmented palpi with the fourth segment distinct and apical, the absence of an anal groove and eyes, and the presence of claws on palpal segment 3. The last character is unique for all members of the Ixodida, both fossil and extant. Aside from the palpal claws and marginal groove, features of the tick larva closely resemble those of members of the genus Aponomma Neumann 1899, considered one of the most primitive tick lineages today, whose hosts are primarily reptiles.

Keywords

Diagnostic Character Hard Tick Fourth Segment Tick Larva Palpal Segment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Chhibber, H.L. (1934) The mineral resources of Burma. London: Macmillan & Co., 320 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Clifford, C.M. & Anastos, G. (1960) The use of chaetotaxy in the identification of larval ticks (Acarina:Ixodidae). Journal of Parasitology, 46, 567–578.Google Scholar
  3. Cockerell, T.D.A. (1922) Fossils in Burmese amber. Nature, 109, 713–714.Google Scholar
  4. Cruickshank, R.D. & Ko, K. (2002) Geology of an amber locality in the Hukawng Valley, northern Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).Google Scholar
  5. Grimaldi, D.A., Beck, C.W. & Boon, J.J. (1989) Occurrence, chemical characteristics, and paleontology of the fossil resins from New Jersey. American Museum Novitates, 2948, 28.Google Scholar
  6. Grimaldi, D.A., Engel, M.S. & Nascimbene, P.C. (2002) Fossiliferous Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Burma). American Museum Novitates, 3361, 71pp.Google Scholar
  7. Hlaing, U.T. (1999) Burmite-Burmese amber. Australian Gemnologist, 20, 250–253.Google Scholar
  8. Hoogstraal, H. & Kim, K.C. (1985) Tick and mammal coevolution, with emphasis on Haemaphysalis. In: Kim, K.D. (Ed.) Coevolution of parasitic arthropods and mammals. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 505–568.Google Scholar
  9. Keirans, J.E., Lane, R.S. & Cauble, R. (2002) A series of larval Amblyomma species (Acari: Ixodidae) from amber deposits in the Dominican Republic. International Journal of Acarology, 28, 61–66.Google Scholar
  10. Krantz, G.W. (1978) A manual of acarology. Second Edition. Corvallis: Oregon State University Book Stores Inc., 509 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Lambert, J.B., Frye, J.S. & Poinar, G.O., Jr (1990) Analysis of North American amber by carbon-13 NMR spectroscopy. Geoarchaelogy, 5, 43–52.Google Scholar
  12. Lane, R.S. & Poinar, G.O., Jr (1986) First fossil tick (Acari: Ixodidae) in new world amber. International Journal of Acarology, 12, 75–78.Google Scholar
  13. Langenheim, J.H. & Beck, C.W. (1968) Catalogue of infrared spectra of fossil resin (ambers). 1. North and South America. Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, 22, 65–120.Google Scholar
  14. Poinar, G.O., Jr. (1992) Life in amber. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 350 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Weidner, H. (1964) Eine Zecke, Ixodes succineus sp. n., in baltischen Bernstein. Veröffentlichen Ñberseemuseum Bremen, 3, 143–151.Google Scholar
  16. Zherikhin, V.V. & Ross, A.J. (2000) A review of the history, geology and age of Burmese amber (Burmite). Bulletin of The Natural History Museum (London)(Geology), 56, 3–10.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • George PoinarJr
    • 1
  • Alex E. Brown
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.BerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations