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Development and characterization of microsatellite markers in Castanea sativa (Mill.)

Abstract

Thirty-three simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were isolated andcharacterized in Castanea sativa (Mill.) from the cultivarGarrone Nero. For the identification of SSR loci, primers were designed on eachside flanking the repeat region and they were initially tested on 5 chestnutsamples using chemiluminescence detection. Twenty four loci where shown to bepolymorphic and the number of alleles detected per locus varied from 2 to 7.Fourteen loci were chosen for the analysis of 20 cultivars grown in North Italyusing the semi-automatic system ABI PRISM 377. These 14 markers showed a highlevel of genetic polymorphism with a total of 90 alleles; the number of allelesranged from 4 to 10 per locus, with an average level of 6.4. The mean expectedand observed heterozygosity were 0.724 (range: 0.649–0.835) and 0.793(range: 0.350–0.950) respectively. The estimated frequency of nullallelesshowed a positive value for 3 loci, but except for 1 locus, the values wereverylow. The total value for the probability of identity was 7.04 ×10−11. Paternity exclusion probability was very high (0.999),sufficiently high to study pollen flow.

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Marinoni, D., Akkak, A., Bounous, G. et al. Development and characterization of microsatellite markers in Castanea sativa (Mill.). Molecular Breeding 11, 127–136 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022456013692

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  • Chestnut
  • Dinucleotide
  • DNA–typing
  • Polymorphism
  • SSR