Development and Validation of the Homophobia Scale

Abstract

This study describes the development and validation of the Homophobia Scale. The scale was developed to assess the cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of homophobia. The participants (n=321 for the field trials and n=122 for test–retest reliability) were college students from a large Midwestern university. Results yielded a 25-item questionnaire consisting of three factors: a factor that assesses mainly negative cognitions regarding homosexuality, a factor that assess primarily negative affect and avoidance of homosexual individuals, and a factor that assesses negative affect and aggression toward homosexual individuals. Concurrent validity was established using The Index of Homophobia (Hudson & Ricketts, 1980). The phases of scale development and implications of the results are discussed.

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Correspondence to Lester W. Wright Jr..

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Wright, L.W., Adams, H.E. & Bernat, J. Development and Validation of the Homophobia Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 21, 337–347 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022172816258

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  • homophobia
  • homonegativism
  • homosexual
  • assessment