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Human Ecology

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 385–418 | Cite as

Biogeographical Archaeology in the Eastern North American Arctic

  • William W. Fitzhugh
Article

Abstract

Environmental conditions of the Eastern North American Arctic make this region suitable for biogeographical approaches to culture. Although composed of a vast assemblage of large and small islands, the Eastern Arctic differs from other “oceanic” environments where modern biogeographical work has been pioneered. This paper outlines conditions which make the Eastern Arctic suitable for biogeographical study and considers the nature of “islands” as analytical constructs rather than as discrete entities. Biogeographical concepts are considered in relation to the “core-periphery model” that has been the organizing principle for interpreting patterns of Eastern Arctic culture history. Abstractions, aspects, and conclusions reached from these studies outline some of the opportunities available for application of more directed anthropological biogeographical work in the future.

arctic biogeography culture ecology 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • William W. Fitzhugh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyNational Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Artic Studies CenterWashington, D.C

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