Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 57, Issue 3–4, pp 205–213 | Cite as

Effect of consumption of finger millet on hyperglycemia in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) subjects

  • P. Lakshmi Kumari
  • S. Sumathi
Article

Abstract

The effect of consumption of finger millet based diets on hyperglycemiawas studied in 6 noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) subjects.All the experimental diets were planned to be isocaloric and also tocontain 75 g equivalent of carbohydrate load so that glycemic responsecould be compared with a 75 g glucose load. The glycemic response tobreakfast items compared to that of glucose was determined by comparingthe areas under the 2 hr glucose response curve. Consumption of fingermillet based diets resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels,mean peak rise, and area under curve which might have been due to thehigher fiber content of finger millet compared to rice and wheat. Thelower glycemic response of whole finger millet based diets may also havebeen due to the presence of antinutritional factors in whole finger milletflour which are known to reduce starch digestibility and absorption.

Dietary management Glycemic response NIDDM Whole andgerminated finger millet 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Lakshmi Kumari
    • 1
  • S. Sumathi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Foods and Nutrition, Post Graduate and Research Centre, College of Home ScienceAcharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural UniversityRajendranagar, Hyderabad-30India

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