AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 331–338 | Cite as

Vulnerability to HIV Among Women Formerly Incarcerated and Women with Incarcerated Sexual Partners

  • Andrea Kim
  • Kimberly Page-Shafer
  • Juan Ruiz
  • Lisa Reyes
  • Viva Delgado
  • Jeffrey Klausner
  • Fred Molitor
  • Mitchell Katz
  • William McFarland
Article

Abstract

HIV risk was assessed in association with a history of incarceration and having a sexual partner with a history of incarceration in a population sample of low-income young women residing in San Francisco. Of the 235 women surveyed, 23% reported prior incarceration and 42% reported having a sexual partner with a history of incarceration. Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (including HIV) was no higher among previously incarcerated women or those with a sexual partner with a history of incarceration. Women with a prior incarceration were significantly more likely to report injecting drugs, exchanging sex for money or drugs, and history of forced sex. Women reporting sexual partners with a history of incarceration were significantly more likely to report incarceration history, history of STIs, and history of forced sex. Interventions aimed at reducing substance abuse, STIs, commercial/survival sex, and the effects of sexual coercion need to be strengthened for women within and transitioning out of correctional facilities.

HIV HIV risk incarceration sexually transmitted infection women 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Kim
    • 1
  • Kimberly Page-Shafer
    • 2
  • Juan Ruiz
    • 3
  • Lisa Reyes
    • 1
  • Viva Delgado
    • 1
  • Jeffrey Klausner
    • 1
  • Fred Molitor
    • 4
  • Mitchell Katz
    • 1
  • William McFarland
    • 1
  1. 1.San Francisco Department of Public HealthSan Francisco
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of California San Francisco, Center for AIDS Prevention StudiesSan Francisco
  3. 3.California Department of Health ServicesOffice of AIDSSacramento
  4. 4.ETR AssociatesSacramento

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