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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp 1981–1986 | Cite as

Firefly Toxicosis in Lizards

  • Michael Knight
  • Richard Glor
  • Scott R. Smedley
  • Andrés González
  • Kraig Adler
  • Thomas Eisner
Article

Abstract

Ingestion of fireflies of the genus Photinus (Lampyridae) can be lethal to Australian lizards of the genus Pogona (Agamidae), probably because of the poisonous steroidal pyrones (lucibufagins) that these fireflies contain. One Photinus may suffice to kill a Pogona. Captive Pogona kept as pets need to be shielded from firefly ingestion. African chameleons (Chamaeleo; Chamaeleonidae) appear also to be vulnerable to Photinus toxicosis.

Pogona Chamaeleo Lacerta Litoria (Pelodryas) Photinus lucibufagins cardiotonic agents pet industry 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Knight
    • 1
  • Richard Glor
    • 2
  • Scott R. Smedley
    • 3
  • Andrés González
    • 3
  • Kraig Adler
    • 3
  • Thomas Eisner
    • 3
  1. 1.ASPCA, National Animal Poison Control CenterUrbana
  2. 2.Department of Neurobiology and BehaviorCornell UniversityIthaca
  3. 3.Department of BiologyTrinity CollegeHartford

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