Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 129–158 | Cite as

Victim Selection and Kinematics: A Point-Light Investigation of Vulnerability to Attack

  • Rebekah E. Gunns
  • Lucy Johnston
  • Stephen M. Hudson


Three experiments used a point-light methodology to investigate whether movement style specifies vulnerability to physical attack. Both female (Experiment 1) and male (Experiment 2) walkers could be differentiated according to ease-of-attack based solely on the kinematic information provided whilst walking. Specific walking style features predicted ease-of-attack and profiles of prototypically “easy to attack” and “difficult to attack” walkers were identified. Variations in walking style as a function of clothing and footwear style were also shown to predict differences in ease-of-attack ratings (Experiment 3). Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are considered.

kinematics point-light vulnerability 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebekah E. Gunns
    • 1
  • Lucy Johnston
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stephen M. Hudson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CanterburyUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand

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