Socioeconomic Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence Among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the United States

Abstract

This study assesses the relative influence of various SES measures on the probability of intimate partner violence (IPV) among a national sample of White, Black, and Hispanic married and cohabiting couples. Participants were interviewed in conjunction with the 1995 National Alcohol Survey. Sociodemographic, psychosocial, and alcohol consumption data were obtained from both members of the couple. IPV was measured through the Conflict Tactics Scale, Form R. Bivariate tests were employed to investigate the association between SES and IPV. Deviance statistics, based on contrasting transformed likelihood measures obtained through multivariate logistic regression models, were computed to assess the relative influence of SES on the probability of IPV. Results indicate that annual household income had the greatest relative influence on the probability of partner violence. Future research is needed to explore the pathways by which SES contributes to the risk of partner violence.

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Correspondence to Carol B. Cunradi.

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Cunradi, C.B., Caetano, R. & Schafer, J. Socioeconomic Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence Among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the United States. Journal of Family Violence 17, 377–389 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020374617328

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  • socioeconomic status
  • race/ethnicity
  • partner violence