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Genetic diversity in the parental lines and heterosis of the tropical rice hybrids

Abstract

Genetic diversity within and between the maintainer (B) and restorer (R) lines used in hybrid breeding programs of the Philippine was investigated with information from analysis of pedigree record, quantitative traits and SSR assays. Mean coefficients of coancestry were calculated as 0.11 within R lines, 0.27 within B lines, and 0.04 between R and B lines, indicating greater diversity among R lines than among B lines, and the significant divergence between B and R lines. These results are consistent with those obtained from quantitative trait analysis and SSR marker assays. Relative gene diversity for 37 random SSR markers averaged 0.20 within B lines,0.28 within R lines, and 0.52 between two groups of lines. There were no consistent associations among various genetic diversity measures. Random sets of SSR marker and pedigree based diversity measures had no significant correlation with mid-parent heterosis for grain yield and biomass, indicating that prediction of heterosis for complex traits based on these two genetic diversity estimates is difficult.

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Correspondence to Sant S. Virmani.

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Xu, W., Virmani, S.S., Hernandez, J.E. et al. Genetic diversity in the parental lines and heterosis of the tropical rice hybrids. Euphytica 127, 139–148 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1019960625003

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  • Coefficient of co-ancestry
  • heterosis
  • microsatellites
  • quantitative traits