The Black Mafia: African-American organized crime in Chicago 1890–1960

Abstract

The historical role of African-Americans in organized crime in the UnitedStates has been greatly ignored by the academic community. What researchthat does exist argues that black Americans played a minor role in theethnic gambling and vice industries that existed in many American citiesat the beginning of the Twentieth Century. This view is supported by the alien conspiracy theory, which argues that the participation of African-Americansand other minorities in syndicated vice and crime followed the decline oftraditional Italian American organized crime groups. This research arguesthat sophisticated African-American organized crime groups in Chicago existedindependently of Italian American organized crime and that African-Americans eventually played an important role in the activities of the Chicago Outfit,the traditional Italian American organized group in Chicago.

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Lombardo, R.M. The Black Mafia: African-American organized crime in Chicago 1890–1960. Crime, Law and Social Change 38, 33–65 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1019885114062

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Keywords

  • Twentieth Century
  • Minor Role
  • Organize Crime
  • International Relation
  • Organize Group