Sex Roles

, Volume 39, Issue 11–12, pp 887–902

Gender Differences in Transformational Leadership: An Examination of Superior, Leader, and Subordinate Perspectives

  • Sally A. Carless

DOI: 10.1023/A:1018880706172

Cite this article as:
Carless, S.A. Sex Roles (1998) 39: 887. doi:10.1023/A:1018880706172


This study examined gender differences intransformational leadership from multiple perspectives.The sample was employees of a large international bank inAustralia. Ratings were obtained from branch managers' (n = 120 female and n = 184 male), theirsuperiors (n = 32) and subordinates (n = 588). Thefindings showed that superiors evaluated female managersas more transformational than male managers. Consistent with the superior observations, at the globallevel, female managers rated themselves as moretransformational than males, however, at the morespecific, behavioral level of analysis, significantgender differences were noted only for those subscaleswhich are more interpersonally-oriented. Subordinatesevaluated their female and male leadersequally.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sally A. Carless

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