Sex Roles

, Volume 38, Issue 9–10, pp 719–741 | Cite as

The Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale: Validation from Three Cultural Perspectives

  • Brian D. Doss
  • J. Roy Hopkins


The Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale(MMIS) measures an individual's adaptation andinternalization of a culture's norms about how menshould act. This study extends previous research onmasculinity ideology by generating a scale representingmultiple cultural perspectives using 190 Chilean, 283Anglo-American, and 296 African-American undergraduates.The psychometric properties of the MMIS were established using principal components analysis, convergentvalidity tests, and internal-consistency and test-retestreliability. Two components consistent across culturesemerged: Hypermasculine Posturing and Achievement. In addition, there were culturally-specificcomponents: Toughness, Pose, and Responsibility amongChileans; Sensitivity among Anglo-Americans; and SexualResponsibility among African-Americans. Results indicate that the MMIS can be useful forexamining a variety of research questions relating toculture and masculinity.


Principal Component Analysis Research Question Social Psychology Psychometric Property Cultural Perspective 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian D. Doss
  • J. Roy Hopkins

There are no affiliations available

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