Sex Roles

, Volume 38, Issue 9–10, pp 719–741 | Cite as

The Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale: Validation from Three Cultural Perspectives

  • Brian D. Doss
  • J. Roy Hopkins

Abstract

The Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale(MMIS) measures an individual's adaptation andinternalization of a culture's norms about how menshould act. This study extends previous research onmasculinity ideology by generating a scale representingmultiple cultural perspectives using 190 Chilean, 283Anglo-American, and 296 African-American undergraduates.The psychometric properties of the MMIS were established using principal components analysis, convergentvalidity tests, and internal-consistency and test-retestreliability. Two components consistent across culturesemerged: Hypermasculine Posturing and Achievement. In addition, there were culturally-specificcomponents: Toughness, Pose, and Responsibility amongChileans; Sensitivity among Anglo-Americans; and SexualResponsibility among African-Americans. Results indicate that the MMIS can be useful forexamining a variety of research questions relating toculture and masculinity.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian D. Doss
  • J. Roy Hopkins

There are no affiliations available

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