A series of previous studies with studentparticipants has shown that females' self-IQ estimatesare significantly lower than those of males. In thisstudy, 184 mostly white British adults estimated their own IQ and that of their children. The resultswere in line with previous studies, in that males ratedtheir IQ higher than females (108 vs. 104). Both sexesrated their male children higher than their female children (109 vs. 102). Males tendedmore than females to believe there is a greaterdifference between the intelligence of female and malechildren, but this was not significant. Results wereconsidered in terms of the current sociobiological andsociocultural explanations for sex differences inability.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Beloff, H. (1992). Mother, father and me: Our IQ. The Psychologist, 5, 309–311.
Bennett, M. (1996). Men's and women's self-estimates of intelligence. Journal of Social Psychology, 136, 411–412.
Bjorklund, D., & Kipp, K. (1996). Parental investment theory and gender differences in the evolution of inhibited mechanisms. Psychological Bulletin, 120, 163–188.
Byrd, M., & Stacey, B. (1993). Bias in IQ perception. The Psychologist, 6, 16.
Campion, J. (1992). Gender prejudice and IQ. The Psychologist, 5, 456.
Cohen, J. (1977). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural power analyses. New York: Academic Press.
Daly, M., McConnell, C., & Glugosh, T. (1996). Parents' knowledge of students' beliefs and attitudes: An indirect assessment of parental solicitude. Ethology and Sociobiology, 17, 201–210.
Feather, N., & Simon, J. (1975). Reactions of male and female success and failure in sex-linked occupations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 20–31.
Fitzgerald, J., & Mellor, S. (1988). How do people think about intelligence? Multivariate Behavioural Research, 23, 143–157.
Flugel, J. (1947). An enquiry as to popular views on intelligence and related topics. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 27, 140–152.
Furnham, A. (1996). Lay theories. London: Whurr.
Furnham, A., & Rawles, R. (1995). Sex differences in the estimation of intelligence. Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 10, 741–745.
Furnham, A., Clark, K., & Bailey, K. (1997). Sex differences in estimates of multiple intelligence. Unpublished manuscript.
Hogan, H. (1978). IQ self-estimates of males and females. Journal of Social Psychology, 106, 137–138.
Hofstede, E. (1984). Culture's consequences. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Kremer, J., Hallmark, A., Cleland, J., Ross, V., Duncan, J., Lindsay, B., & Berwick, S. (1996). Gender and equal opportunities in public sector organisations. Journal of Occupational and Organisational Psychology, 69, 183–198.
Lippa, R. (1994). Introduction to Social Psychology. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Lynn, R., & Mulhern, G. (1991). A comparison of sex difference on the Scottish and American standardization samples of the WISC-R. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 1179–1182.
Lynn, R. (1996). Differences between males and females in mean IQ and university examination performance in Ireland. Personality and Individual Differences, 20, 649–652.
Neisser, U. (1997). Never a dullmoment. American Psychologist, 52, 79–81.
Reilly, J., & Mulhern, G. (1995). Gender difference in self-estimated IQ: The need for care in interpreting group data. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 189–192.
Shipstone, K., & Burt, S. (1973). Twenty five years on: A replication of Flugel's (1947) work on lay popular views of intelligence and related topics. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 56, 183–187.
Sternberg, R., Conway, B., Ketron, J., & Bernstein, M. (1981). People's conception of intelligence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 37–55.
Williams, J., & Best, D. (1982). Measuring Sex Stereotypes: A thirty nation study. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
About this article
Cite this article
Furnham, A., Gasson, L. Sex Differences in Parental Estimates of Their Children's Intelligence. Sex Roles 38, 151–162 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018772830511
- Social Psychology
- Male Child
- Female Child
- British Adult
- Difference Inability