Skip to main content

Sex Differences in Parental Estimates of Their Children's Intelligence

Abstract

A series of previous studies with studentparticipants has shown that females' self-IQ estimatesare significantly lower than those of males. In thisstudy, 184 mostly white British adults estimated their own IQ and that of their children. The resultswere in line with previous studies, in that males ratedtheir IQ higher than females (108 vs. 104). Both sexesrated their male children higher than their female children (109 vs. 102). Males tendedmore than females to believe there is a greaterdifference between the intelligence of female and malechildren, but this was not significant. Results wereconsidered in terms of the current sociobiological andsociocultural explanations for sex differences inability.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

REFERENCES

  • Beloff, H. (1992). Mother, father and me: Our IQ. The Psychologist, 5, 309–311.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bennett, M. (1996). Men's and women's self-estimates of intelligence. Journal of Social Psychology, 136, 411–412.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bjorklund, D., & Kipp, K. (1996). Parental investment theory and gender differences in the evolution of inhibited mechanisms. Psychological Bulletin, 120, 163–188.

    Google Scholar 

  • Byrd, M., & Stacey, B. (1993). Bias in IQ perception. The Psychologist, 6, 16.

    Google Scholar 

  • Campion, J. (1992). Gender prejudice and IQ. The Psychologist, 5, 456.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen, J. (1977). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural power analyses. New York: Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Daly, M., McConnell, C., & Glugosh, T. (1996). Parents' knowledge of students' beliefs and attitudes: An indirect assessment of parental solicitude. Ethology and Sociobiology, 17, 201–210.

    Google Scholar 

  • Feather, N., & Simon, J. (1975). Reactions of male and female success and failure in sex-linked occupations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 20–31.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fitzgerald, J., & Mellor, S. (1988). How do people think about intelligence? Multivariate Behavioural Research, 23, 143–157.

    Google Scholar 

  • Flugel, J. (1947). An enquiry as to popular views on intelligence and related topics. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 27, 140–152.

    Google Scholar 

  • Furnham, A. (1996). Lay theories. London: Whurr.

    Google Scholar 

  • Furnham, A., & Rawles, R. (1995). Sex differences in the estimation of intelligence. Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 10, 741–745.

    Google Scholar 

  • Furnham, A., Clark, K., & Bailey, K. (1997). Sex differences in estimates of multiple intelligence. Unpublished manuscript.

  • Hogan, H. (1978). IQ self-estimates of males and females. Journal of Social Psychology, 106, 137–138.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hofstede, E. (1984). Culture's consequences. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kremer, J., Hallmark, A., Cleland, J., Ross, V., Duncan, J., Lindsay, B., & Berwick, S. (1996). Gender and equal opportunities in public sector organisations. Journal of Occupational and Organisational Psychology, 69, 183–198.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lippa, R. (1994). Introduction to Social Psychology. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lynn, R., & Mulhern, G. (1991). A comparison of sex difference on the Scottish and American standardization samples of the WISC-R. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 1179–1182.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lynn, R. (1996). Differences between males and females in mean IQ and university examination performance in Ireland. Personality and Individual Differences, 20, 649–652.

    Google Scholar 

  • Neisser, U. (1997). Never a dullmoment. American Psychologist, 52, 79–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Reilly, J., & Mulhern, G. (1995). Gender difference in self-estimated IQ: The need for care in interpreting group data. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 189–192.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shipstone, K., & Burt, S. (1973). Twenty five years on: A replication of Flugel's (1947) work on lay popular views of intelligence and related topics. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 56, 183–187.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sternberg, R., Conway, B., Ketron, J., & Bernstein, M. (1981). People's conception of intelligence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 37–55.

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams, J., & Best, D. (1982). Measuring Sex Stereotypes: A thirty nation study. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Furnham, A., Gasson, L. Sex Differences in Parental Estimates of Their Children's Intelligence. Sex Roles 38, 151–162 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018772830511

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018772830511

Keywords

  • Social Psychology
  • Male Child
  • Female Child
  • British Adult
  • Difference Inability