Sex Roles

, Volume 38, Issue 1–2, pp 151–162

Sex Differences in Parental Estimates of Their Children's Intelligence

  • Adrian Furnham
  • Lucinda Gasson
Article

Abstract

A series of previous studies with studentparticipants has shown that females' self-IQ estimatesare significantly lower than those of males. In thisstudy, 184 mostly white British adults estimated their own IQ and that of their children. The resultswere in line with previous studies, in that males ratedtheir IQ higher than females (108 vs. 104). Both sexesrated their male children higher than their female children (109 vs. 102). Males tendedmore than females to believe there is a greaterdifference between the intelligence of female and malechildren, but this was not significant. Results wereconsidered in terms of the current sociobiological andsociocultural explanations for sex differences inability.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Beloff, H. (1992). Mother, father and me: Our IQ. The Psychologist, 5, 309–311.Google Scholar
  2. Bennett, M. (1996). Men's and women's self-estimates of intelligence. Journal of Social Psychology, 136, 411–412.Google Scholar
  3. Bjorklund, D., & Kipp, K. (1996). Parental investment theory and gender differences in the evolution of inhibited mechanisms. Psychological Bulletin, 120, 163–188.Google Scholar
  4. Byrd, M., & Stacey, B. (1993). Bias in IQ perception. The Psychologist, 6, 16.Google Scholar
  5. Campion, J. (1992). Gender prejudice and IQ. The Psychologist, 5, 456.Google Scholar
  6. Cohen, J. (1977). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural power analyses. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Daly, M., McConnell, C., & Glugosh, T. (1996). Parents' knowledge of students' beliefs and attitudes: An indirect assessment of parental solicitude. Ethology and Sociobiology, 17, 201–210.Google Scholar
  8. Feather, N., & Simon, J. (1975). Reactions of male and female success and failure in sex-linked occupations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, 20–31.Google Scholar
  9. Fitzgerald, J., & Mellor, S. (1988). How do people think about intelligence? Multivariate Behavioural Research, 23, 143–157.Google Scholar
  10. Flugel, J. (1947). An enquiry as to popular views on intelligence and related topics. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 27, 140–152.Google Scholar
  11. Furnham, A. (1996). Lay theories. London: Whurr.Google Scholar
  12. Furnham, A., & Rawles, R. (1995). Sex differences in the estimation of intelligence. Journal of Social Behaviour and Personality, 10, 741–745.Google Scholar
  13. Furnham, A., Clark, K., & Bailey, K. (1997). Sex differences in estimates of multiple intelligence. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  14. Hogan, H. (1978). IQ self-estimates of males and females. Journal of Social Psychology, 106, 137–138.Google Scholar
  15. Hofstede, E. (1984). Culture's consequences. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  16. Kremer, J., Hallmark, A., Cleland, J., Ross, V., Duncan, J., Lindsay, B., & Berwick, S. (1996). Gender and equal opportunities in public sector organisations. Journal of Occupational and Organisational Psychology, 69, 183–198.Google Scholar
  17. Lippa, R. (1994). Introduction to Social Psychology. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  18. Lynn, R., & Mulhern, G. (1991). A comparison of sex difference on the Scottish and American standardization samples of the WISC-R. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 1179–1182.Google Scholar
  19. Lynn, R. (1996). Differences between males and females in mean IQ and university examination performance in Ireland. Personality and Individual Differences, 20, 649–652.Google Scholar
  20. Neisser, U. (1997). Never a dullmoment. American Psychologist, 52, 79–81.Google Scholar
  21. Reilly, J., & Mulhern, G. (1995). Gender difference in self-estimated IQ: The need for care in interpreting group data. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 189–192.Google Scholar
  22. Shipstone, K., & Burt, S. (1973). Twenty five years on: A replication of Flugel's (1947) work on lay popular views of intelligence and related topics. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 56, 183–187.Google Scholar
  23. Sternberg, R., Conway, B., Ketron, J., & Bernstein, M. (1981). People's conception of intelligence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 37–55.Google Scholar
  24. Williams, J., & Best, D. (1982). Measuring Sex Stereotypes: A thirty nation study. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrian Furnham
  • Lucinda Gasson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations