Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 231–239

Recovery as a Psychological Construct

  • Patrick W. Corrigan
  • Daniel Giffort
  • Fadwa Rashid
  • Matthew Leary
  • Iheoma Okeke
Article

Abstract

Mental health advocates have proposed recoveryas a vision for severe mental illness. The purpose ofthis study is to examine psychometric characteristics ofa measure of the psychological construct. Thirty-five participants in a partial hospitalizationprogram were administered the Recovery Scale andmeasures of quality of life, social support,self-esteem, consumer empowerment, psychiatric symptoms,needs and resources, global functioning, and verbalintelligence. Results showed the scale to havesatisfactory test-retest reliability and internalconsistency. Analysis of the concurrent validity of theRecovery Scale showed recovery to be positivelyassociated with selfesteem, empowerment, social support,and quality of life. It was inversely associated withpsychiatric symptoms and age. Implications of these findings for a psychological model of recoveryare discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Anthony, W.A. (1993). Recovery from mental illness: The guiding vision of the mental health service system in the 1990s. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 16, 11-23.Google Scholar
  2. Aylward, E., Walker, E., & Bettes, B. (1984). Intelligence in schizophrenia: Meta-analysis of the research. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 10, 430–459.Google Scholar
  3. Beard, J.H., Propst, R.N., & Malamud, T.J. (1982). The Fountain House model of psychiatric rehabilitation. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 5, 47–53.Google Scholar
  4. Corrigan, P.W., & Buican, B. (1995). The construct validity of subjective quality of life for the severely mentally ill. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 183, 281–285.Google Scholar
  5. Corrigan, P.W., Buican, B., & McCracken, S. (1995). The Needs and Resources Assessment interview for severely mentally ill adults. Psychiatric Services, 46, 504–505.Google Scholar
  6. Corrigan, P.W., Faber, D., Rashid, F., Leary, M., & Okeke, I., (1997). The construct validity of empowerment among consumers of mental health services. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  7. Corrigan, P.W., & Garman, A.N. (1997). Some considerations for research on consumer empowerment and psychosocial interventions. Psychiatric Services, 48, 347–352.Google Scholar
  8. Corrigan, P.W., & Jakus, M.R. (1994). Behavioral treatment. In J.M. Silver, S.C. Yudofsky, & R.E. Hales (Eds.), Neuropsychiatry of traumatic brain injury (pp. 733–769). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  9. Deegan, P.E. (1988). Recovery: The lived experience of rehabilitation. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 11, 11–19.Google Scholar
  10. Deegan, P.E. (1996). Recovery as a journey of the heart. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 19, 91–97.Google Scholar
  11. Giffort, D., Schmook, A., Woody, C., Vollendorf, C., & Gervain, M. (in press). Construction of a scale to measure consumer recovery. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Skills.Google Scholar
  12. Harding, C.M. (1988). Course types in schizophrenia: An analysis of European and American studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 14, 633–643.Google Scholar
  13. Jackson, R., Purnell, D., Anderson, S., & Sheafor, B. (1996). The clubhouse model of community support for adults with mental illness: An emerging opportunity for social work education. Journal of Social Work Education, 32, 173–180.Google Scholar
  14. Kraepelin, E. (1913). Lectures on clinical psychiatry (3rd ed.). New York: William Wood.Google Scholar
  15. Leete, E. (1989). How I perceive and manage my illness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 15, 197–200.Google Scholar
  16. Lehman, A.F. (1983a). The well-being of chronic mental patients. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40, 369–373.Google Scholar
  17. Lehman, A.F. (1983b). The effects of psychiatric symptoms on quality of life assessments among the chronic mentally ill. Evaluation and Program Planning, 6, 143–151.Google Scholar
  18. Lehman, A.F. (1988). A Quality of Life Interview for the chronically mentally ill. Evaluation and Program Planning, 11, 51–62.Google Scholar
  19. Lukoff, D., Liberman, R.P., & Nuechterlein, K.H. (1986). Manual for the expanded Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). Schizophrenia Bulletin, 12, 594–602.Google Scholar
  20. Rogers, E.S., Chamberlin, J., Ellison, M.L., & Crean, T. (1997). A consumer-constructed scale to measure empowerment among users of mental health services. Psychiatric Services, 48, 1042–1047.Google Scholar
  21. Rosen, G.M. (1993). Self-help or hype? Comments on psychology's failure to advance self-care. Professional Psychology — Research and Practice, 24, 340–345.Google Scholar
  22. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Sarason, I.G., Levine, H.M., Basham, R.B., & Sarason, B.R. (1983). Assessing social support: The Social Support Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 127–139.Google Scholar
  24. Shrout, P.E., & Fleiss, J.L. (1979). Intraclass correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 420–428.Google Scholar
  25. Skantze, K., Malm, U., Dencker, S.J., May, P.R., & Corrigan, P.W. (1992). Comparison of quality of life with standard of living in schizophrenic out-patients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 797–801.Google Scholar
  26. Spaniol, L. (1991). Editorial. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 14, 1.Google Scholar
  27. Unzicker, R. (1989). On my own: A personal journey through madness and re-emergence. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 13, 71–77.Google Scholar
  28. Wechsler, D. (1981). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised. New York: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  29. Zimmerman, I.L., & Woo-Sam, J.M. (1973). Clinical interpretations of the Wechsler Adult-Intelligence Scale. New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick W. Corrigan
  • Daniel Giffort
  • Fadwa Rashid
  • Matthew Leary
  • Iheoma Okeke

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations