Natural fermentation of finger millet (Eleusine coracana) was carried out for 48 h. Microbiological and chemical analysis was performed throughout the fermentation process. The fermentation was heterolactic dominated by lactic acid bacteria accompanied by the production of lactic and acetic acids with decrease in pH and increase in titratable acidity. The microbial population increased until 18 to 24 h accompanied by a rapid decrease in total and reducing sugars. The microflora stabilized between 24 and 48 h, during which time the total and α-amylase activities increased with accumulation of sugars. Total free amino acids also increased. Yeast counts were low and moulds and coliforms were absent. Repeated fermentations showed consistency in the qualitative and quantitative changes in microflora. Five predominant types of bacteria, strains belonging to Leuconostoc, Pediococcus and Lactobacillus were identified. Of these only one type, Pediococcus, dominated (>80%) in the latter half of fermentation.
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Antony, U., Chandra, T. Microbial population and biochemical changes in fermenting finger millet (Eleusine coracana). World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 13, 533–537 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018561224777
- Eleusine coracana
- finger millet
- microbial population
- natural fermentation