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Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) and Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman): larval responsesto prey and humidity, nymphal feeding drive and nymphal predation on phytoseiid eggs

Abstract

Are Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) and Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman) both specialized predators of spider mites? As part of a series of studies made to answer this question, responses by larvae were assessed in treatments either with or without prey (Tetranychus urticae Koch) and with either moderate or high relative humidities (a factor that may distinguish between these two morphologically similar species). Neoseiulus fallacis larvae had more feeding, ambulatory activity and jerking (intra– or interspecific communication) in all treatments than N. californicus. The percent egg hatch was less and development took longer for N. fallacis larvae than for N. californicus larvae without prey at moderate humidity levels. The nymphs of both mites showed similar drives to feed 1–2>h after being held 12–48 h without food and then given eggs of T. urticae. Neoseiulus californicus nymphs fed more on the eggs of either phytoseiid and thereafter became adults than did N. fallacis nymphs. These data indicate that N. californicus may be a less specialized predator of spider mites than is N. fallacis.

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Monetti, L.N., Croft, B.A. Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) and Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman): larval responsesto prey and humidity, nymphal feeding drive and nymphal predation on phytoseiid eggs. Exp Appl Acarol 21, 225–234 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018442820736

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018442820736

  • Generalist phytoseiid
  • specialist phytoseiid
  • biological control
  • life history
  • Tetra-nychus urticae