, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 69–72

Flower and fruit characters in a kiwifruit hermaphrodite

  • M.A. McNeilage
  • S. Steinhagen

DOI: 10.1023/A:1018398924819

Cite this article as:
McNeilage, M. & Steinhagen, S. Euphytica (1998) 101: 69. doi:10.1023/A:1018398924819


The dioecious genus Actinidia includes the kiwifruit, A. deliciosa. Currently, the kiwifruit industry is based predominantly on a single female cultivar, 'Hayward', with up to 13% of the orchard canopy in commercial blocks in New Zealand consisting of unfruitful males vines, necessary as pollinizers. The development of hermaphrodite cultivars became a possibility with the identification of inconstant males, which carry a mixture of staminate flowers and bisexual flowers, the latter developing into small fruits containing seeds. This paper describes a hermaphrodite vine, obtained as a rare variant among the progeny from a cross between 'Hayward' and an inconstant (fruiting) male. Testing of pollen from all flowers in one season and measurement of fruit characters after self-setting demonstrated this seedling is completely hermaphroditic, carrying only bisexual flowers, with no restriction on selfing. Although it does not have commercial potential, it will be used as a parent. Perceived benefits from the development of hermaphrodite cultivars include increased productivity, improved pollination, simplified vine management and therefore substantial cost savings.

kiwifruit Actinidia deliciosa dioecism hermaphrodite breeding 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.A. McNeilage
    • 1
  • S. Steinhagen
    • 1
  1. 1.Mt. Albert Research CentreHortResearchAucklandNew Zealand

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