The influence of temperature on the resistance to powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) E.O. Speer f. sp. tritici Em. Marchal, was evaluated on six wheat cultivars/lines, Axminster/8* Chancellor (Cc) (Pm1), Chul/8*Cc (Pm3b), Yuma/8*Cc (Pm4a), VPM1 (Pm4b), Kavkaz (Pm8), and Chancellor, at two temperatures of 25EC and 15EC with two isolates of powdery mildew. Resistance, based on the components of latency period, infection type, colony number per unit leaf area, per cent infected leaf area, and AUDPC, was much less effective at 15EC than at 25EC for VPM1 and Yuma/8*Cc, but no resistance shift was observed for Kavkaz and Axminster/8*Cc, indicating the difference of temperature-sensitivity among Pm genes or among the interactions of individual host genes with corresponding powdery mildew pathogen genes.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Akai, S., 1952. Relation of temperature to the invasion of the barley powdery mildew into host. Agriculture & Horticulture, Tokyo 27 (10): 1135.
Aust, Hans-Jürgen & Jürgen V. Hoyningen-Huene, 1986. Microclimate in relation to epidermic of powdery mildew. Annual Review of Phytopathology 24: 491–510.
Balass, M., Y. Cohen & M. Bar-Joseph, 1993. Temperature-dependent resistance to downy mildew in muskmelon: Structural responses. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 43: 11–20.
Bennett, F.G.A., 1984. Resistance to powdery mildew in wheat: a review of its use in agriculture and breeding programs. Plant Pathology 33: 279–300.
Bevan, J.R., 1993. Diversity and variation in expression of resistance to Erysiphe fischeri in Senecio vulgaris. Plant Pathology 42: 647–653.
Bowen, K.L., K.L. Everts & S. Leath, 1991. Reduction in yield of winter wheat in North Carolina due to powdery mildew and leaf rust. Phytopathology 81: 503–511.
Broers, L.H.M. & S.C. Wallenburg, 1989. Influence of post-infection temperature on three components of partial resistance in wheat to wheat leaf rust. Euphytica 44: 215–224.
Browder, L.E., 1985. Parasite: host: environment specificity in the cereal rusts. Annual Review of Phytopathology 23: 201–222.
Dyck, P.L. & R. Johnson, 1983. Temperature sensitivity of genes for resistance in wheat to Puccinia recondita. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 5: 229–234.
Flor, H.H., 1956. The complementary genetic systems in flax and flax rust. Advances in Genetics 8: 29–54.
Ge, Y.-F., 1996. Effect of temperature on the expression of adult-plant resistance to powdery mildew in wheat (Triticum aestivumL.). Ph. D. thesis, The University of Georgia.
Gousseau, H.D.M., Deverall B.J. & R.A. McIntosh, 1985. Temperaturesensitivity of the expression of resistance to Pucciniagraminis conferred by the Sr15, Sr9b, and Sr14 genes in wheat. Physiological Plant Pathology 27: 335–343.
Griffey, C.A., M.K. Das & E.L. Stromberg, 1993. Effectiveness of adultplant resistance in reducing grain yield loss to powdery mildew in winter wheat. Plant Disease 77: 618–622.
Islam, M.R., K.W. Shepherd & G.M.E. Mayo, 1989. Effect of genotype and temperature on the expression of L genes in flax conferring resistance to rust. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 35: 141–150.
Jin, S., Y. Song, W. Deng, M.P. Gordon & E.W. Nester, 1993. The regulatory VirA protein of Agrobactorium tumefaciens does not function at elevated temperatures. Journal of Bacteriology 175 (21): 6830–6835.
Jones, I.T. & J.D. Hayes, 1971. The effect of sowing date on adult plant resistance to Erysiphe graminis f. sp. avenae in oats. Annal of Applied Biology 68:31–39.
Judelson, H.S. & R.W. Michelmore, 1992. Temperature and genotype interactions in the expression of host resistance in lettuce downy mildew. Physiological andMolecular Plant Pathology 40: 233–245.
Knott, D.R., 1981. The effects of genotype and temperature on the resistance to Puccinia graminis tritici controlled by the gene Sr6in Triticum aestivum. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 23: 181–190.
Leath, S. & M. Heun, 1990. Identification of powdery mildew resistance genes in cultivars of soft red winter wheat. Plant Disease 74: 747–752.
Lebedeva, T.V., 1986. Genetic analysis of resistance to powdery mildew in forms of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).Genetica, USSR, 22: 2303–2309.
Luig, N.H. & S. Rajaram, 1972. The effect of temperature and genetic background on host gene expression and interaction to Puccinia graminis tritici. Phytopathology 62: 1171–1174.
Mains, E.B. & S.M. Dietz, 1930. Physiologic forms of barleymildew Erysiphe graminis hordei Marchal. Phytopathology 20: 229–239.
McIntosh, R.A., G.E. Hart, K.M. Devos & M.D. Gale, 1995. Catalogue of gene symbols for wheat: 1995 supplement. Wheat Information Service 81: 22–49.
Pretorius, Z.A., F.J. Kloppers & S.C. Drijepondt, 1994. Effects of inoculum density and temperature on three components of leaf rust resistance controlled by Lr34 in wheat. Euphytica 74: 91–96.
Roelfs, A.P., 1988. Genetic control of phenotypes in wheat stem rust. Annual Review of Phytopathology 26: 351–367.
Royer, M.H., R.R. Nelson, D.R. MacKenzie & D.A. Diehle, 1984. Partial resistance of near-isogenic wheat lines compatible with Erysiphe graminis f. sp. tritici. Phytopathology 74: 1001–1006.
Shaner, G. & R.E. Finney, 1977. The effect of nitrogen fertilization on the expression of slow-mildewing resistance in Knox wheat. Phytopathology 67: 1051–1056.
Shaner, G., 1973. Reduced infectability and inoculum production as factors of slow mildewing in Knox wheat. Phytopathology 63: 1307–1311.
Sharp, E.L., 1965. Prepenetration and postpenetration environment and development of Puccinia striiformis on wheat. Phytopathology 55: 198–203.
Ward, S.V. & J.G. Manners, 1974. Environmental effects on the quantity and viability of conidia produced by Erysiphe graminis. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 62: 119–128.
Zadoks, J.C., T.T. Chang & C.F. Konzak, 1974. A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Research 14: 415–421.
Zeller, F.J., J. Lutz, E. Reimlein, E. Limpert & J. Koenig, 1993. Identification of powdery mildew resistance genes in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). 2. French cultivars. Agronomie 13: 201–207.
About this article
Cite this article
Ge, Yf., Johnson, W., Roberts, J.J. et al. Temperature and resistance gene interactions in the expression of resistance to Blumeria Graminis f. sp. Tritici . Euphytica 99, 103–109 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018392725474
- temperature – resistance gene interactions
- powdery mildew
- Blumeria graminis tritici
- Triticum aestivum L.