Euphytica

, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 127–136 | Cite as

Traits related to drought resistance in common bean

  • Porfirio Ramirez-Vallejo
  • James D. Kelly
Article

Abstract

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is grown in regions where water deficits during reproductive development significantly reduce yield. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of specific phenological and physiological traits with drought resistance in common bean. Five genotypes were grown under and near a rain shelter in 1988, and an additional 16 progeny lines were included in 1990. Drought stress determined by the drought intensity index was severe (0.78) in 1988 and more moderate (0.63) in 1990. Water stress reduced the expression of most traits with the exception of days to flower and leaf moisture retention capacity. Seed yield among genotypes was reduced from 22 to 71% due to drought. Yield under stress was correlated with yield under nonstress in 1990 and negatively correlated with the drought susceptibility index in 1988. Yield components which exhibited the largest differential genotypic responses to stress were pod and seed number, whereas seed size was more stable. Genotypic variation was detected in all the partitioning indexes, chiefly harvest index and relative sink strength, and the heritability estimates for these traits were high. The limited genetic variability observed among water relations traits and their role in water conservation would restrict their potential use in the selection for drought resistance in common bean. The differential correlations between phenological, biomass and partitioning traits and the indexes for yield and drought susceptibility would suggest that the most effective approach in breeding for drought resistance in common bean would be based first on selection for high geometric yield followed by selection among the high-yielding individuals for low to moderate levels of the drought susceptibility index.

drought drought intensity index drought susceptibility index geometric mean yield Phaseolus vulgaris L. 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Porfirio Ramirez-Vallejo
    • 1
  • James D. Kelly
    • 2
  1. 1.Colegio de PostgraduadosCentro de GeneticaMontecilloMexico
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Soil SciencesMichigan State UniversityE. LansingUSA

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