Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 55–69 | Cite as

Depressive Disorder in Preschool Children: Patterns of Affective Organization

  • Gabriel Levi
  • Carla Sogos
  • Enza Mazzei
  • Carla Paolesse


In the present study the authors attempt to identify the pattern of depressive problems in children aged 3 to 6 years by employing a new rating scale (The Preschool Children Depression Checklist). Depressive symptoms were expressed in the form of 32 questions that cover an array of depressive behaviors as manifested in this age range. A factor analysis was carried out on 156 checklists submitted to the teachers of the control group in order to identify early affective behavioral patterns of the depressive disorder. Results confirmed the hypothesis that a coherent emotional structure underpins children's manifest behaviors. Three factors were empirically derived. These factors seem to be particularly important since statistical comparison showed significant differences among factor scores of a sample of children who met diagnosis of depression, a sample of children who met diagnosis of anxiety disorder, a sample of control children.

Depression Preschool Age Rating Scale 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Levi
    • 1
  • Carla Sogos
    • 2
  • Enza Mazzei
    • 1
  • Carla Paolesse
    • 1
  1. 1.Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”Italy
  2. 2.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryUniversità degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza,”RomaItaly

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