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An Exploration of the Meaning and Consequences of Workaholism

Abstract

Although much has been written about“workaholism,” rigorous research andtheoretical development on the topic is in its infancy.We integrate literature from multiple disciplines andoffer a definition of workaholic behavior. We identify three types ofworkaholic behavior patterns: compulsive-dependent,perfectionist, and achievement-oriented workaholism. Apreliminary model is proposed; it identifies potential linkages between each type of workaholismpattern and important outcomes such as performance, joband life satisfaction, and turnover. Specificpropositions for future research are articulated. Weconclude that, depending on the type of workaholicbehavior pattern, workaholism can be good or bad, andits consequences may be experienced or evaluateddifferently by individuals, organizations, and societyat large. Researchers and managers should avoidmaking judgments about the positive or negative effectsof workaholism until more carefully controlled researchhas been published.

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Scott, K.S., Moore, K.S. & Miceli, M.P. An Exploration of the Meaning and Consequences of Workaholism. Human Relations 50, 287–314 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016986307298

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  • WORKAHOLISM
  • WORK AND LIFE SATISFACTION
  • ACHIEVEMENT ORIENTATION
  • PERFECTIONISM