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Compensation in grain weight and volume in sorghum is associated with expression of resistance to sorghum midge, Stenodiplosis sorghicola

Abstract

Sorghum midge, Stenodiplosis sorghicola (Coquillett) is one of the most important pests of grain sorghum worldwide. We studied the inheritance of resistance to sorghum midge and compensation in grain weight and volume in panicles of sorghum hybrids and their parents under uniform infestation (40 midges per panicle for two consecutive days). Sorghum midge damage ranged from 8.2 to 82.4% in the maintainer lines (B-lines) of the females parents (A-lines), and 9.0 to 67% in the male parents (restorer lines). Hybrids involving resistant × resistant parents were highly resistant, while those involving resistant ×susceptible and susceptible × resistant parents showed moderate susceptibility. Susceptible × susceptible hybrids were susceptible. Compensation in (percentage increase) grain weight and volume in midge-infested panicles of midge-resistant parents and their F1 hybrids was greater than in midge-susceptible parents and hybrids. General combining ability effects for midge damage, and grain weight and volume were significant and negative for the midge-resistant females (ICSA 88019 and ICSA 88020), whereas those for the midge-susceptible females (ICSA 42 and 296A) were significant and positive. However, the reverse was true in case of compensation in grain weight and volume. Inheritance of compensation in grain weight and volume and resistance to sorghum midge is controlled by quantitative gene action with some cytoplasmic effects. Resistance is needed in both parents to realize full potential of midge-resistant hybrids.

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Sharma, H., Abraham, C. & Stenhouse, J. Compensation in grain weight and volume in sorghum is associated with expression of resistance to sorghum midge, Stenodiplosis sorghicola . Euphytica 125, 245–254 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015813711135

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  • compensation
  • plant resistance
  • sorghum
  • Sorghum bicolor
  • sorghum midge
  • Stenodiplosis sorghicola