We have developed a model of foraging behaviour of a honeybee colony based on reaction-diffusion equations and have studied how mapping the information about the explored environment to the hive determines this behaviour. The model utilizes two dominant components of colony's foraging behaviour — the recruitment to the located nectar sources and the abandonment of them. The recruitment is based upon positive feedback, i.e autocatalytic replication of information about the located source. If every potential forager in the hive, the onlooker, acquires information about all located sources, a common information niche is formed, which leads to the rapid selection of the most profitable nectar source. If the onlookers acquire information about some parts of the environment and slowly learn about the other parts, different information niches where individuals are associated mainly with a particular food source are formed, and the correspondent foraging trails coexist for longer periods. When selected nectar source becomes depleted, the foragers switch over to another, more profitable source. The faster the onlookers learn about the entire environment, the faster that switching occurs.
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Tereshko, V., Lee, T. How Information-Mapping Patterns Determine Foraging Behaviour of a Honey Bee Colony. Open Systems & Information Dynamics 9, 181–193 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015652810815
- Statistical Physic
- Mechanical Engineer
- Food Source
- System Theory
- Positive Feedback