Avoiding Predators: Expectations and Evidence in Primate Antipredator Behavior

Abstract

Predation and antipredator behavior are important but poorly studied influences on the evolution of primate societies. I review recent evidence of predation and antipredator strategies among primates. I describe patterns of antipredator behavior and attempt to explain the variation among primate taxa and among antipredator strategies. I use predation by chimpanzees on red colobus and antipredator strategies by the colobus as a case study of how a primate prey species may respond to the threat of predation.

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Stanford, C.B. Avoiding Predators: Expectations and Evidence in Primate Antipredator Behavior. International Journal of Primatology 23, 741–757 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015572814388

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  • predation
  • antipredator behavior
  • colobus
  • chimpanzees
  • sociality