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Natural Language & Linguistic Theory

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 197–267 | Cite as

A-Chains At The Pf-Interface: Copies And `Covert Movement

  • Jonathan David Bobaljik
Article

Abstract

This paper develops an argument for the copy theory ofmovement based on consideration of Holmberg's Generalization [HG], a well-documented constrainton object shift in the Germanic languages. A particular formulation of HG is presented,tying it to verb movement, and this is defended against the alternative formulation presented inHolmberg (1999). It is argued that HG is the result of a morphophonological constraint on verbinflection, requiring merger under PF-adjacency,support for which comes from differences betweenVO and OV languages. The account of HG is related to PF-merger proposals fordo-support, and a theory of adverb ordering within the Spell Out component is sketched,accounting for the apparent invisibility of adverbs, problematic on earlier approaches. On thestandard model, the characterization of HG presented here requires invocation of a PF filter;the copy theory permits an alternative with more local evaluation. By treating the overt/covertdistinction as an effect of which copy is pronounced, the copy theory allows satisfaction of the PFadjacency constraint for merger to be a PF matter. Moving to a model in which both LF and PF have theability to privilege either the higher or lower position in a non-trivial chain predicts theexistence of a range of phenomena in which the lower position is privileged by both LF and PF. It isargued that such phenomena are attested, and further implications of the copy theory are explored.

Keywords

Artificial Intelligence Alternative Formulation Lower Position Local Evaluation Early Approach 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan David Bobaljik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsMcGill UniversityMontréalCanada

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