Therooting responses of cuttings of difficult-to-root lilac (Syringavulgaris) and easy-to-root forsythia(Forsythia × intermedia)were compared. The rooting ability of lilac cuttings declined over the growingseason (May–June). There was also a decline in the initial concentrationof free IAA at the base of the cuttings, but there was not a tight relationshipbetween basal IAA concentration and rooting ability. Polar auxin transportability was measured in lilac and forsythia during the period of maximum growthby [3H]IAA application to stem internodal tissue. Transport abilitydeclined in lilac over this time period, particularly in terms of transportintensity and percentage of [3H]IAA transported. In contrast thechanges in polar auxin transport ability in forsythia were less marked. Thisdifference between species was maintained in winter hardwood cuttings, withforsythia tissue showing greater polar auxin transport ability than lilac. Theimportance of polar auxin transport for adventitious rooting was demonstratedinboth lilac and forsythia softwood cuttings by use of the polar transportinhibitor 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA). Overall the results indicate thatdifferences in polar auxin transport ability between lilac and forsythiacontribute to differences in rooting ability.
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Ford, YY., Bonham, E., Cameron, R. et al. Adventitious rooting: examining the role of auxin in an easy- and a difficult-to-root plant. Plant Growth Regulation 36, 149–159 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015013025513
- Adventitious rooting
- Basipetal auxin transport
- Forsythia × intermedia
- Syringa vulgaris