Skip to main content

Varying phosphorus supply and development, growth and seed yield in narrow-leafed lupin

Abstract

Narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) is usually grown in sandy, acidic and phosphorus (P) deficient soil with low yield and variable harvest index. This study aimed to examine the effects of varying P supply on lupin growth, seed yield and harvest index. Non-abscission plants (cv. Danja) were grown in Lancelin sand at seven rates of P supply (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 or 40 mg kg−1) in a naturally-lit glasshouse. The rate of leaf emergence, flowering time and flower number were decreased or delayed by low P supply (5, 10 or 15 mg kg−1), with no differences at P rates higher than 20 mg kg−1. High P supply (25, 30 or 40 mg kg−1) increased plant seed yield and harvest index largely by increasing the number of pods and consequently yield on the lateral branches, but had less effect on the number of seeds per pod and seed size. Seed yield and seed P concentration continued to increase up to 40 mg P kg−1but harvest index plateaued at 25 mg P kg−1, indicating that low P supply decreased reproductive growth more than vegetative growth in narrow-leafed lupin.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • AOAC 1975 Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Analytical Chemistry, Washington DC.

  • Bolland M D A 1992 The current and residual value of superphosphate for lupins grown in rotation with oats and wheat on a deep sandy soil. Fert. Res. 31, 319–329.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bolland M D A and Barrow N J 1991 The effect of level of application on the residual value of superphosphate on a sandy soil in south-western Australia. Fert. Res. 29, 163–172.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clements J 1997 Physiological aspects of abscission in Lupinus angustifolius. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Western Australia, Perth.

    Google Scholar 

  • Clements J and Atkins C 2001 Characterization of a non-abscission mutant in Lupinus angustifolius. I. Genetic and structural aspects. Am. J. Bot. 88, 31–42.

    Google Scholar 

  • Colwell J D 1963 The estimation of phosphorus fertilizer requirement of wheat in southern New South Wales by soil analysis. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 3, 190–197.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dale J E and Wilson R G 1978 A comparison of leaf and ear development in barley cultivars as affected by nitrogen supply. J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge) 90, 503–508.

    Google Scholar 

  • Delane R J, Matthews J and Hamblin J 1988 Effect of genotype and environment on harvest index of L. angustifolius. In Proceedings of the 5th International Lupin Conference, Poznan, Poland. Ed. International Lupin Association. p 527.

  • Dracup M and Kirby E J M 1996 Lupin Development Guide. University of WA Press, Perth.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jarvis R J and Bolland M D A 1990 Placing superphosphate at different depths in the soil changes its effectiveness for wheat and lupin production. Fert. Res. 22, 97–107.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jarvis R J and Bolland M D A 1991 Lupin grain yields and fertiliser effectiveness are increased by banding superphosphate below the seed. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 31, 357–366.

    Google Scholar 

  • Longnecker N, Graham R D and Card G 1991 Effects of manganese deficiency on the pattern of tillering and development of barley (Hordeum vulgare cv. Galleon). Field Crop Res. 28, 85–102.

    Google Scholar 

  • Longnecker N, Slater J and Robson A D 1993 Copper supply and the leaf emergence rate of spring wheat. Plant Soil 155/156, 457–459.

    Google Scholar 

  • Longnecker N and Robson A D 1994 Leaf emergence of spring wheat receiving varying nitrogen supply at different stages of development. Anna. Bot. 74, 1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ma Q, Longnecker N and Dracup M 1997 Nitrogen deficiency slows leaf development and delays flowering in narrow-leafed lupin. Anna. Bot. 79, 403–409.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ma Q, Longnecker N, Emery N and Atkins C 1998 Growth and yield in Lupinus angustifolius are depressed by early transient nitrogen deficiency. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 49, 1–9.

    Google Scholar 

  • Northcote K H 1971 A Factual Key for the Recognition of Australian Soils. Rellim, Glenside, South Australia.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peaslee D E 1977 Effects of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium nutrition on yield, rates of kernel growth and grain filling periods of two corn hybrids. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 8, 373–389.

    Google Scholar 

  • Perry M W, Garlinge J, Landers K, Marcellos H, Mock I T, Walker B and Hawthorne W A 1994 Estimates of the potential size and distribution of production of narrow-leafed lupins in Australia. In Proceedings of the First Australian Lupin Technical Symposium, Perth. Eds. M Dracup and J A Palta. pp 288-291.

  • Pigeaire A, Delane R, Seymour M and Atkins C 1992 Predominance of flowers and newly formed pods in reproductive abscission of Lupinus angustifolius L. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 43, 1117–1129.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rahman M S and Gladstones J S 1974 Differences among lupin species in field response to superphosphate. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 14, 214–223.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schwertmann V 1964 Differenziervy der eiseuoxide des bodeus durch photochemische extraktcon mit sauer aumonion oxalate-lÖsung. Zeitscrift für Pflanzeueernährung und Bodenkunde 105, 194–202.

    Google Scholar 

  • Walkey A and Black I A 1934 An examination of the Degtjareffe method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37, 29–38.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ma, Q., Longnecker, N. & Atkins, C. Varying phosphorus supply and development, growth and seed yield in narrow-leafed lupin. Plant and Soil 239, 79–85 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014988219743

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014988219743

  • Lupinus angustifolius L.
  • phosphorus
  • plant development
  • growth
  • seed yield