The city of Quanzhou in coastal Fujian Province, southeastern China, rose to prominence as an international trading port in the twelfth to fourteenth centuries A.D. This paper reviews its published archaeological record which includes the Kaiyuansi Temple, several mosques, Hindu sites, a Manichaeist temple at Huabiao, several types of tombs, the Houzhu and Fashi sunken ships, and kiln sites.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Abu-Lughod, J. (1989). Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250, Oxford University Press, New York.
Chaffee, J. (2001). The impact of the Song Imperial Clan on the overseas trade of Quanzhou. In Schottenhammer, A. (ed.), The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400, Brill, Leiden, pp. 13–46.
Chen, D. (1984). Quanzhou Yisilanjiao Shike (Moslem Inscriptions in Quanzhou), Renmin Chubanshe, Fuzhou.
Chen, D. (1992). A Brunei sultan in the early 14th century: Study of an Arabic gravestone. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 23(1): 1–13.
Chen, D., and Kalus, L. (1991). Corpus D'inscriptions Arabes et Persianes en Chine: Tome 1, Province de Fujian, Librarie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, Paris.
Chen, P. (1986). Fujian qingci kaocha (Survey of Fujian celadon). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 9(1): 77–81.
Chen, P., and Zeng, Q. (1983). Quanzhou Fuhoushan chutu de Jiangxi taoqi (Jiangxi porcelain discovered at Fuhoushan, Quanzhou). Jiangxi Lishi Wenwu 4: 73–77.
Chen, S., and Zhuang, B. (1990). Quanzhou, Zhongguo Jianzhu Gongye Chubanshe, Beijing.
Chen, X. (1991). Zhongguo Fanchuan yu Haiwai Maoyi (Chinese Ships and Foreign Trade), Xiamen Daxue Chubanshe, Xiamen.
Chen, X. (1994). Wudai Shiguo de Yueyso gingpin doliong foxian yu Penghu (Yue Wares of the FiveDynasties and Their Kingdoms found in the Penghu Archipelago) Boehi Toji Konhezu 14: 82–96.
Clark, H. (1991). Community, Trade, and Networks: Southern Fujian Province From the Third to Thirteenth Century, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Coomaraswamy, A. (1933). Hindu sculptures at Zayton. Ostasiatische Zeitschrift Series 2 IX: 5–11.
D'Ancona, J. (1997). The City of Light, Little Brown, London.
Ecke, G., and Demieville, P. (1935). The TwinPagodas of Zayton, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
Foster, J. (1954). Crosses from the walls of Zaitun. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 1–25.
Franke, W., and Ch'en, T. (1973). A Chinese tomb inscription of A.D. 1264, discovered recently in Brunei: A preliminary report. Brunei Museum Journal 3(1): 91–99.
Fu, Z. (1989). Houzhu guchuan: Songji Nanwaizongzhengsi haiwai jingshang de wuzheng (Houzhu ancient ship: Material evidence for maritime trade operated by the Southern Branch of the Royal Clan in the end of the Song). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 16: 77–83.
Fujian Sheng Bowuguan (1990). Dehuayao (Kilns of Dehua), Wenwu Chubanshe, Beijing.
Fujian Sheng Bowuguan, Quanzhoushi Weiyuanhui, Quanzhou Haijiaoshi Bowuguan (1991).Quanzhou Qingjingsi Fengtiantan jidi fajue baogao (Report of excavation of the Fengtiantan Hall of the mosque at Quanzhou). Kaogu Xuebao 3: 353–380.
Gates, H. (1996). China's Motor: A Thousand Years of Petty Capitalism, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.
Gibb, H. (1994). The Travels of Ibn Battuta, A.D. 1325-1354, Vol. 4. Hakluyt Society, Cambridge.
Gladney, D. (1987). Muslim tombs and ethnic folklore: Charters for Hui identity. The Journal of Asian Studies 46(3): 495–532.
Green, J. (1983). The Song Dynasty shipwreck at Quanzhou, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 12(3): 253–261.
Guy, J. (1994). The lost temples of Nagapattinam and Quanzhou. Silk Road Art and Archaeology III: 292–310.
Guy, J. (2001). Tamil merchants and the Quanzhou trade. In Schottenhammer, A. (ed.), The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400, Brill, Leiden, pp. 283–308.
Hirth, F., and Rockhill, W. (1966). Chau Ju-Kua: His Work on the Chinese and Arab Trade in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, Entitled Chu-Fan-Chi, Oriental Press, Amsterdam.
Ho, C. (2001). The ceramic boom in Minnan during Song and Yuan times. In. Schottenhammer, A.(ed.), The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400, Brill, Leiden, pp. 237–282.
Huang, T. (1992). Fujian Quanzhou Qingjingsi jianzhu xingshi kaochaji (An investigation into the architectural patterns of the mosque at Quanzhou). Kaogu 1: 83–89.
Huang, T. (1996). Song Yuan shiqi Quanzhou ciyi tan (A discussion of Quanzhou's ceramic skill in the Song and Yuan periods). Quanzhou Wenbo 2: 39–41.
Kamei, M. (1995). Fukiensho Koyoseki Shutsudo Tojiki Kenkyu (A study of ceramics unearthed from ancient kiln sites in Fujian), Tohoku Insatsu Kabushiki Kaisha, Tokyo.
Keith, D., and Buys, C. (1981).Newlight on medieval Chinese seagoing ship construction. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 10(2): 119–132.
Kuwabara, J. (1989). Ho Juko no Jiseki (Vestiges of Pu Shougeng), Toyo Bunko Series, No. 509. Heibonsha, Tokyo.
Li, G. (1989). Archaeological evidence for the use of chu-nam in the 13th century Quanzhou Ship; Fujian Province, China. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 18(4): 277–283.
Li, J. (1993). Fujian guciyao kaogu gaishu (A brief account of the ancient ceramic kilns of Fujian).In Fujiansheng Bowuguan (ed.), Fujian Lishi Wenhua yu Bowuguanxue Yanjiu: Fujian ShengBowuguan Chengli Sisizhounian JinianWenji (History, Culture, and Museology Studies of Fujian:Collected Papers in Commemoration of the 40th Anniversary of the Founding of the ProvincialMuseum), Fujian Zhaoyi Chubanshe, Fuzhou, pp. 175–181.
Li, Z., and Chen, P. (1984). Songyuan shiqi Quanzhougang de taoci shuchu (Ceramics exports from Quanzhou harbor during the Song and Yuan periods. Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 6: 39–48.
Lieu, S. (1980). Nestorians and Manichaeans on the South China coast. Vigiliae Christianae 34: 71–88.
Lieu, S. (1985). Manichaeism in the Later Roman Empire and Mediaeval China: A Historical Survey, Manchester University Press, Manchester.
Lin, Z. (1958). Quanzhou Kaiyuansi shita (The stone pagodas of the Kaiyuan Temple, Quanzhou). Wenwu Cankao Ciliao 1: 62–63.
Lin, Z. (1959). Quanzhou Kaiyuansi Dadian (The Great Hall of the Quanzhou Kaiyuan Temple).Wenwu 2: 42–43, 45.
Liu, H. (1993). Luoyang Wan'anqiao Shi (Account of the Wan'an Bridge Luoyang), Huayang Chubanshe, Hong Kong.
Liu, M. (1993). Quanzhou Songdai chenchuan taoping yongtu zhi tuice (Conjecture on the use of the pottery bottles from the Quanzhou Song Period sunken ship). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 24: 112–114.
Lo, H. (1959). A New Study of P'u Shou-Keng and His Times, (in Chinese, with English Summary). Institute of Chinese Culture, Hong Kong.
Maejima, S. (1973). The Muslims in Ch'uan-chou at the end of the Yuan Dynasty (Part 1). Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 31: 27–51.
Maejima, S. (1974). The Muslims in Ch'uan-chou at the end of the Yuan Dynasty (Part 2). Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 32: 47–71.
Manguin, P. (1988). Ships and Shippers in East Asian Waters in the Mid 2nd Millennium B.C. Paper delivered at the Asian Ceramics Conference, Field Museum and Asia Ceramics Research Organization, Chicago, October 1988.
Marsden, W. (trans. and ed.) (1948). The Travels of Marco Polo, The Venetian (Re-edited by Thomas Wright), Doubleday, Garden City.
Mizukami, K. (1998). Saya riyo no kama tsuho ni tsuite: Sekko, Fukkensho no ryuyo o chushin ni (The methods of loading saggers into kilns with particular reference to the dragon kilns of Zhejiang and Fujian). Boeki Toji Kenkyu 18: 86–101.
Moule, A. (1940). Nestorians in China: Some corrections and additions. China Society, London, Sinological Series 1: 5–37.
Pearson, R., Li, M., and Li, G. (2001). Port, city, and hinterland; archaeological perspectives on Quanzhou and its overseas trade. In Schottenhammer, A. (ed.), Quanzhou and its Overseas Trade in the Song Dynasty, Brill, Leiden, pp. 177–236.
Qin, Z. (1990). South-Song stone anchors in China,Korea, and Japan. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 19(2): 113–121.
Quanzhou Songdai Haichuan Fajue Baogao Bianxienzu (1975). Quanzhouwan Songdai haichuan fajue jianbao (Preliminary report of the excavation of a Song Dynasty shipwreck in Quanzhou Bay).Wenwu 10: 1–18 [translated into English by Merwin, D. (1977) (same title) Chinese Sociology and Anthropology IX(3): 6-53; partially translated into French in Salmon, C., and Lombard, D. (1979). Un vaisseau du XIIIme siecle retrouve avec sa cargaison dans la rade de Zaitun. Archipel 18: 56-67].
Quanzhouwan Songdai Haichuan Fuyuan Xiaozu, Fujian Quanzhou Zaoquanzhang (1975).Quanzhouwan Songdai haichuan fuyuan chutan (Preliminary attempts at the restoration of the Song Dynasty seagoing vessel in Quanzhou Bay). Wenwu (1975)10: 28–35 [translated by Merwin, D. (1977). (same title) Chinese Sociology and Anthropology IX(3): 88-106].
Schottenhammer, A. (ed.) (2001). The Emporium of theWorld: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400, Brill, Leiden.
So, K. (1991). Tang Song Shidai Minnan Quanzhou Shidi Lungao (Papers on The Historical Geography of Quanzhou in Southern Fujian During the Tang and Song Periods), Shangwu Yinshuguan, Taibei.
So, K. (1994). The trade ceramics industry in Southern Fukien during the Song. Journal of Sung Yuan Studies 24: 1–19.
So, B. K. (2000). Prosperity, Region, and Institutions in Maritime China: The South Fukien Pattern, 946-1368, Harvard University Asia Center, Cambridge.
Song, X. (1988). Gudai Quanzhou yu Dashi shangren (Ancient Quanzhou and Dashi merchants). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 13(1): 162, 215–225.
Stein, G. (1999). Rethinking World Systems: Diasporas, Colonies, and Interaction in Uruk, Mesopotamia, University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Swart, P. (1987). Buddhist sculptures at Feilai Feng: A confrontation of two traditions. Orientations 18(12): 54–61.
Wang, H. (1983). Quanzhou Kaiyuansi xingshuai chutan (Preliminary discussion on the rise and fall of the Quanzhou Kaiyuan temple). Quanzhou Wenshi 8: 51–61.
Wang, M. (1999). Shiqu de Fanrong: Yizuo Laocheng de Lishi Renleixue Kaocha (Lost Glory: The Historical Anthropological Investigation of a Historic City) Zhejiang Renmin Chubanshe, Hangzhou.
Wang, Z. (1978). Songdai de tongqian chukou jiantan Quanzhou fajue de Song chuan tongqian (The export of Song bronze coins with a discussion of bronze coins excavated from the Song shipwreck in Quanzhou). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 1: 54–57.
Wood, F. (1996). Did Marco Polo Go to China? Westview Press, Boulder.
Wu, W. (1957). Quanzhou Zongjiao Shike (Stone Religious Carvings in Quanzhou), Kexue Chubanshe, Beijing.
Wu, Y., Wang, Y., and Huang, Q. (1986). Fujian Quanzhou Qingjingsi faxian yipiYisilanjiaobei (Islamic stelae found in the Fujian Quanzhou Qingjing Mosque). Kaogu 6: 526–530, 546.
Yang, L. (1979). Government control of urban merchants in traditional China. Qinghua Journal of Chinese Studies 8(1): 186–206.
Ye, W., Su, C., and Huang, S. (1988). Jinjiang Cizao yao de fachan jiqi waixiao (Discovery and export of the Cizao kilns of Jinjiang). In Zhongguo Gutaoci Yanjiuhui and Zhongguo GuWaixiao Taoci Yanjiuhui (eds.), Zhongguo Gudai Taoci Di Waixiao (The Export of Ancient Chinese Porcelain), Zijincheng Chubanshe, Beijing, pp. 61–65.
Zhongguo Kexueyuan Zirankexueshi Yanjiuso, Fujiansheng Quanzhou Haiwai Jiaotongshi Bowuguan Lianhe Shijuezu (Joint Excavation Team of The Institute of History of Natural Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Quanzhou Museum of Overseas Communication, Fujian Province) (1983). Quanzhou Fashi guchuan shijue he chubu tantao (Preliminary report and brief discussion of the test excavation of the ancient wreck at Fashi, Quanzhou). Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu 2(2): 164–172.
Zhuang, W. (1980a). Quanzhou lidai chengzhi de tansuo (An investigation of the site of Quanzhou City through the dynasties). Quanzhou Wenshi 2(3): 14–28.
Zhuang, W. (1980b). Yuanmo waizu panluan yu Quanzhougang de shuailiao (Rebellion of foreign ethnic groups at the end of the Yuan Dynasty and the decline of the Quanzhou port). Quanzhou Wenshi 4: 19–26.
Zhuang, W. (1991). Quanzhou Songchuan wei Pujia sichuan kao (The Quanzhou Song ship as a private commercial ship owned by the Pu family). In Organization Committee for the Quanzhou Int'l Seminar on China and the Maritime Silk Road (eds.), China and the Maritime Silk Route, Fujian Renmin Chubanshe, Fuzhou, pp. 345–353.
Zhuang, W., and Chen, D. (1980). Quanzhou Yisilanjiao sizhi de xin yanjiu (New research on Islamic Mosque sites in Quanzhou). Quanzhou Wenshi 4: 1–10.
About this article
Cite this article
Pearson, R., Min, L. & Guo, L. Quanzhou Archaeology: A Brief Review. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 6, 23–59 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014881309593
- religious sites