Advertisement

Quanzhou Archaeology: A Brief Review

  • Richard Pearson
  • Li Min
  • Li Guo
Article

Abstract

The city of Quanzhou in coastal Fujian Province, southeastern China, rose to prominence as an international trading port in the twelfth to fourteenth centuries A.D. This paper reviews its published archaeological record which includes the Kaiyuansi Temple, several mosques, Hindu sites, a Manichaeist temple at Huabiao, several types of tombs, the Houzhu and Fashi sunken ships, and kiln sites.

China Quanzhou religious sites tombs 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES CITED

  1. Abu-Lughod, J. (1989). Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Chaffee, J. (2001). The impact of the Song Imperial Clan on the overseas trade of Quanzhou. In Schottenhammer, A. (ed.), The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400, Brill, Leiden, pp. 13–46.Google Scholar
  3. Chen, D. (1984). Quanzhou Yisilanjiao Shike (Moslem Inscriptions in Quanzhou), Renmin Chubanshe, Fuzhou.Google Scholar
  4. Chen, D. (1992). A Brunei sultan in the early 14th century: Study of an Arabic gravestone. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 23(1): 1–13.Google Scholar
  5. Chen, D., and Kalus, L. (1991). Corpus D'inscriptions Arabes et Persianes en Chine: Tome 1, Province de Fujian, Librarie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. Chen, P. (1986). Fujian qingci kaocha (Survey of Fujian celadon). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 9(1): 77–81.Google Scholar
  7. Chen, P., and Zeng, Q. (1983). Quanzhou Fuhoushan chutu de Jiangxi taoqi (Jiangxi porcelain discovered at Fuhoushan, Quanzhou). Jiangxi Lishi Wenwu 4: 73–77.Google Scholar
  8. Chen, S., and Zhuang, B. (1990). Quanzhou, Zhongguo Jianzhu Gongye Chubanshe, Beijing.Google Scholar
  9. Chen, X. (1991). Zhongguo Fanchuan yu Haiwai Maoyi (Chinese Ships and Foreign Trade), Xiamen Daxue Chubanshe, Xiamen.Google Scholar
  10. Chen, X. (1994). Wudai Shiguo de Yueyso gingpin doliong foxian yu Penghu (Yue Wares of the FiveDynasties and Their Kingdoms found in the Penghu Archipelago) Boehi Toji Konhezu 14: 82–96.Google Scholar
  11. Clark, H. (1991). Community, Trade, and Networks: Southern Fujian Province From the Third to Thirteenth Century, Cambridge University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Coomaraswamy, A. (1933). Hindu sculptures at Zayton. Ostasiatische Zeitschrift Series 2 IX: 5–11.Google Scholar
  13. D'Ancona, J. (1997). The City of Light, Little Brown, London.Google Scholar
  14. Ecke, G., and Demieville, P. (1935). The TwinPagodas of Zayton, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  15. Foster, J. (1954). Crosses from the walls of Zaitun. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 1–25.Google Scholar
  16. Franke, W., and Ch'en, T. (1973). A Chinese tomb inscription of A.D. 1264, discovered recently in Brunei: A preliminary report. Brunei Museum Journal 3(1): 91–99.Google Scholar
  17. Fu, Z. (1989). Houzhu guchuan: Songji Nanwaizongzhengsi haiwai jingshang de wuzheng (Houzhu ancient ship: Material evidence for maritime trade operated by the Southern Branch of the Royal Clan in the end of the Song). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 16: 77–83.Google Scholar
  18. Fujian Sheng Bowuguan (1990). Dehuayao (Kilns of Dehua), Wenwu Chubanshe, Beijing.Google Scholar
  19. Fujian Sheng Bowuguan, Quanzhoushi Weiyuanhui, Quanzhou Haijiaoshi Bowuguan (1991).Quanzhou Qingjingsi Fengtiantan jidi fajue baogao (Report of excavation of the Fengtiantan Hall of the mosque at Quanzhou). Kaogu Xuebao 3: 353–380.Google Scholar
  20. Gates, H. (1996). China's Motor: A Thousand Years of Petty Capitalism, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.Google Scholar
  21. Gibb, H. (1994). The Travels of Ibn Battuta, A.D. 1325-1354, Vol. 4. Hakluyt Society, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  22. Gladney, D. (1987). Muslim tombs and ethnic folklore: Charters for Hui identity. The Journal of Asian Studies 46(3): 495–532.Google Scholar
  23. Green, J. (1983). The Song Dynasty shipwreck at Quanzhou, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 12(3): 253–261.Google Scholar
  24. Guy, J. (1994). The lost temples of Nagapattinam and Quanzhou. Silk Road Art and Archaeology III: 292–310.Google Scholar
  25. Guy, J. (2001). Tamil merchants and the Quanzhou trade. In Schottenhammer, A. (ed.), The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400, Brill, Leiden, pp. 283–308.Google Scholar
  26. Hirth, F., and Rockhill, W. (1966). Chau Ju-Kua: His Work on the Chinese and Arab Trade in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, Entitled Chu-Fan-Chi, Oriental Press, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  27. Ho, C. (2001). The ceramic boom in Minnan during Song and Yuan times. In. Schottenhammer, A.(ed.), The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400, Brill, Leiden, pp. 237–282.Google Scholar
  28. Huang, T. (1992). Fujian Quanzhou Qingjingsi jianzhu xingshi kaochaji (An investigation into the architectural patterns of the mosque at Quanzhou). Kaogu 1: 83–89.Google Scholar
  29. Huang, T. (1996). Song Yuan shiqi Quanzhou ciyi tan (A discussion of Quanzhou's ceramic skill in the Song and Yuan periods). Quanzhou Wenbo 2: 39–41.Google Scholar
  30. Kamei, M. (1995). Fukiensho Koyoseki Shutsudo Tojiki Kenkyu (A study of ceramics unearthed from ancient kiln sites in Fujian), Tohoku Insatsu Kabushiki Kaisha, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  31. Keith, D., and Buys, C. (1981).Newlight on medieval Chinese seagoing ship construction. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 10(2): 119–132.Google Scholar
  32. Kuwabara, J. (1989). Ho Juko no Jiseki (Vestiges of Pu Shougeng), Toyo Bunko Series, No. 509. Heibonsha, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  33. Li, G. (1989). Archaeological evidence for the use of chu-nam in the 13th century Quanzhou Ship; Fujian Province, China. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 18(4): 277–283.Google Scholar
  34. Li, J. (1993). Fujian guciyao kaogu gaishu (A brief account of the ancient ceramic kilns of Fujian).In Fujiansheng Bowuguan (ed.), Fujian Lishi Wenhua yu Bowuguanxue Yanjiu: Fujian ShengBowuguan Chengli Sisizhounian JinianWenji (History, Culture, and Museology Studies of Fujian:Collected Papers in Commemoration of the 40th Anniversary of the Founding of the ProvincialMuseum), Fujian Zhaoyi Chubanshe, Fuzhou, pp. 175–181.Google Scholar
  35. Li, Z., and Chen, P. (1984). Songyuan shiqi Quanzhougang de taoci shuchu (Ceramics exports from Quanzhou harbor during the Song and Yuan periods. Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 6: 39–48.Google Scholar
  36. Lieu, S. (1980). Nestorians and Manichaeans on the South China coast. Vigiliae Christianae 34: 71–88.Google Scholar
  37. Lieu, S. (1985). Manichaeism in the Later Roman Empire and Mediaeval China: A Historical Survey, Manchester University Press, Manchester.Google Scholar
  38. Lin, Z. (1958). Quanzhou Kaiyuansi shita (The stone pagodas of the Kaiyuan Temple, Quanzhou). Wenwu Cankao Ciliao 1: 62–63.Google Scholar
  39. Lin, Z. (1959). Quanzhou Kaiyuansi Dadian (The Great Hall of the Quanzhou Kaiyuan Temple).Wenwu 2: 42–43, 45.Google Scholar
  40. Liu, H. (1993). Luoyang Wan'anqiao Shi (Account of the Wan'an Bridge Luoyang), Huayang Chubanshe, Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  41. Liu, M. (1993). Quanzhou Songdai chenchuan taoping yongtu zhi tuice (Conjecture on the use of the pottery bottles from the Quanzhou Song Period sunken ship). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 24: 112–114.Google Scholar
  42. Lo, H. (1959). A New Study of P'u Shou-Keng and His Times, (in Chinese, with English Summary). Institute of Chinese Culture, Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  43. Maejima, S. (1973). The Muslims in Ch'uan-chou at the end of the Yuan Dynasty (Part 1). Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 31: 27–51.Google Scholar
  44. Maejima, S. (1974). The Muslims in Ch'uan-chou at the end of the Yuan Dynasty (Part 2). Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 32: 47–71.Google Scholar
  45. Manguin, P. (1988). Ships and Shippers in East Asian Waters in the Mid 2nd Millennium B.C. Paper delivered at the Asian Ceramics Conference, Field Museum and Asia Ceramics Research Organization, Chicago, October 1988.Google Scholar
  46. Marsden, W. (trans. and ed.) (1948). The Travels of Marco Polo, The Venetian (Re-edited by Thomas Wright), Doubleday, Garden City.Google Scholar
  47. Mizukami, K. (1998). Saya riyo no kama tsuho ni tsuite: Sekko, Fukkensho no ryuyo o chushin ni (The methods of loading saggers into kilns with particular reference to the dragon kilns of Zhejiang and Fujian). Boeki Toji Kenkyu 18: 86–101.Google Scholar
  48. Moule, A. (1940). Nestorians in China: Some corrections and additions. China Society, London, Sinological Series 1: 5–37.Google Scholar
  49. Pearson, R., Li, M., and Li, G. (2001). Port, city, and hinterland; archaeological perspectives on Quanzhou and its overseas trade. In Schottenhammer, A. (ed.), Quanzhou and its Overseas Trade in the Song Dynasty, Brill, Leiden, pp. 177–236.Google Scholar
  50. Qin, Z. (1990). South-Song stone anchors in China,Korea, and Japan. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 19(2): 113–121.Google Scholar
  51. Quanzhou Songdai Haichuan Fajue Baogao Bianxienzu (1975). Quanzhouwan Songdai haichuan fajue jianbao (Preliminary report of the excavation of a Song Dynasty shipwreck in Quanzhou Bay).Wenwu 10: 1–18 [translated into English by Merwin, D. (1977) (same title) Chinese Sociology and Anthropology IX(3): 6-53; partially translated into French in Salmon, C., and Lombard, D. (1979). Un vaisseau du XIIIme siecle retrouve avec sa cargaison dans la rade de Zaitun. Archipel 18: 56-67].Google Scholar
  52. Quanzhouwan Songdai Haichuan Fuyuan Xiaozu, Fujian Quanzhou Zaoquanzhang (1975).Quanzhouwan Songdai haichuan fuyuan chutan (Preliminary attempts at the restoration of the Song Dynasty seagoing vessel in Quanzhou Bay). Wenwu (1975)10: 28–35 [translated by Merwin, D. (1977). (same title) Chinese Sociology and Anthropology IX(3): 88-106].Google Scholar
  53. Schottenhammer, A. (ed.) (2001). The Emporium of theWorld: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000-1400, Brill, Leiden.Google Scholar
  54. So, K. (1991). Tang Song Shidai Minnan Quanzhou Shidi Lungao (Papers on The Historical Geography of Quanzhou in Southern Fujian During the Tang and Song Periods), Shangwu Yinshuguan, Taibei.Google Scholar
  55. So, K. (1994). The trade ceramics industry in Southern Fukien during the Song. Journal of Sung Yuan Studies 24: 1–19.Google Scholar
  56. So, B. K. (2000). Prosperity, Region, and Institutions in Maritime China: The South Fukien Pattern, 946-1368, Harvard University Asia Center, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  57. Song, X. (1988). Gudai Quanzhou yu Dashi shangren (Ancient Quanzhou and Dashi merchants). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 13(1): 162, 215–225.Google Scholar
  58. Stein, G. (1999). Rethinking World Systems: Diasporas, Colonies, and Interaction in Uruk, Mesopotamia, University of Arizona Press, Tucson.Google Scholar
  59. Swart, P. (1987). Buddhist sculptures at Feilai Feng: A confrontation of two traditions. Orientations 18(12): 54–61.Google Scholar
  60. Wang, H. (1983). Quanzhou Kaiyuansi xingshuai chutan (Preliminary discussion on the rise and fall of the Quanzhou Kaiyuan temple). Quanzhou Wenshi 8: 51–61.Google Scholar
  61. Wang, M. (1999). Shiqu de Fanrong: Yizuo Laocheng de Lishi Renleixue Kaocha (Lost Glory: The Historical Anthropological Investigation of a Historic City) Zhejiang Renmin Chubanshe, Hangzhou.Google Scholar
  62. Wang, Z. (1978). Songdai de tongqian chukou jiantan Quanzhou fajue de Song chuan tongqian (The export of Song bronze coins with a discussion of bronze coins excavated from the Song shipwreck in Quanzhou). Haijiaoshi Yanjiu 1: 54–57.Google Scholar
  63. Wood, F. (1996). Did Marco Polo Go to China? Westview Press, Boulder.Google Scholar
  64. Wu, W. (1957). Quanzhou Zongjiao Shike (Stone Religious Carvings in Quanzhou), Kexue Chubanshe, Beijing.Google Scholar
  65. Wu, Y., Wang, Y., and Huang, Q. (1986). Fujian Quanzhou Qingjingsi faxian yipiYisilanjiaobei (Islamic stelae found in the Fujian Quanzhou Qingjing Mosque). Kaogu 6: 526–530, 546.Google Scholar
  66. Yang, L. (1979). Government control of urban merchants in traditional China. Qinghua Journal of Chinese Studies 8(1): 186–206.Google Scholar
  67. Ye, W., Su, C., and Huang, S. (1988). Jinjiang Cizao yao de fachan jiqi waixiao (Discovery and export of the Cizao kilns of Jinjiang). In Zhongguo Gutaoci Yanjiuhui and Zhongguo GuWaixiao Taoci Yanjiuhui (eds.), Zhongguo Gudai Taoci Di Waixiao (The Export of Ancient Chinese Porcelain), Zijincheng Chubanshe, Beijing, pp. 61–65.Google Scholar
  68. Zhongguo Kexueyuan Zirankexueshi Yanjiuso, Fujiansheng Quanzhou Haiwai Jiaotongshi Bowuguan Lianhe Shijuezu (Joint Excavation Team of The Institute of History of Natural Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Quanzhou Museum of Overseas Communication, Fujian Province) (1983). Quanzhou Fashi guchuan shijue he chubu tantao (Preliminary report and brief discussion of the test excavation of the ancient wreck at Fashi, Quanzhou). Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu 2(2): 164–172.Google Scholar
  69. Zhuang, W. (1980a). Quanzhou lidai chengzhi de tansuo (An investigation of the site of Quanzhou City through the dynasties). Quanzhou Wenshi 2(3): 14–28.Google Scholar
  70. Zhuang, W. (1980b). Yuanmo waizu panluan yu Quanzhougang de shuailiao (Rebellion of foreign ethnic groups at the end of the Yuan Dynasty and the decline of the Quanzhou port). Quanzhou Wenshi 4: 19–26.Google Scholar
  71. Zhuang, W. (1991). Quanzhou Songchuan wei Pujia sichuan kao (The Quanzhou Song ship as a private commercial ship owned by the Pu family). In Organization Committee for the Quanzhou Int'l Seminar on China and the Maritime Silk Road (eds.), China and the Maritime Silk Route, Fujian Renmin Chubanshe, Fuzhou, pp. 345–353.Google Scholar
  72. Zhuang, W., and Chen, D. (1980). Quanzhou Yisilanjiao sizhi de xin yanjiu (New research on Islamic Mosque sites in Quanzhou). Quanzhou Wenshi 4: 1–10.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Pearson
    • 1
  • Li Min
    • 2
  • Li Guo
    • 3
  1. 1.VancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of MichiganAnn Arbor
  3. 3.Chinese Civilization Center, City University of Hong KongKowloontong, KowloonHong Kong

Personalised recommendations