Higher Education

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 331–354 | Cite as

The global politics of education: Brazil and the World Bank

  • Ken Kempner
  • Ana Loureiro


This paper questions the cultural neutrality of modernizationand globalization policies that are imposed by major internationalmonetary agencies. The authors propose that the structuraladjustment policies imposed by the World Bank and InternationalMonetary Fund are predominantly guided by the concept of developmentalassociation. Guided by this concept, the dominant countries andagencies perceive all developing countries to be merely culturalvariations of the same problem that assumes all countries requirethe same solutions. Through an analysis of the failures of WorldBank programs in Brazil and other developing countries, the authorsargue for greater recognition of the problems inherent in imposingcosmopolitan and global solutions on local contexts. The authorsconclude that globalized solutions for local contexts areinappropriate when they are formulated out of ignorance of thelocal culture and context.

Brazil economic development globalization structural adjustment 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken Kempner
    • 1
  • Ana Loureiro
    • 2
  1. 1.Southern Oregon UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Universidade Federal de PernambucoBrazil

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