To evaluate a possible introduction of a new dredge in the fishery of Callista chione (Linnaeus, 1758), IPIMAR has conducted a study with the objective of comparing the efficiency of two dredges (traditional dredge and the new dredge design) and evaluating their impact on the benthic community. The experiments were carried out during March 1999 on the Southwest coast of Portugal, from a site off Troia. Three different tow durations of 5, 10 and 20 min were investigated. A total of 24 hauls were accomplished, 4 for each tow duration and dredge. The experiments were conducted by attaching a cover bag with a 20 mm mesh to the gear. After each haul, the catches in the bag and in the cover were sorted separately. All individuals retained were attributed scores on a scale of 1–4 in which 1 equates to good and 4 equates to dead. The results obtained showed that catches from the traditional dredge (TD) are composed of a great fraction of juveniles of C. chione, while in the new dredge (NDD) catches are composed, almost entirely, by individuals with a superior size to the minimum legal length (50 mm). This result indicates that the mesh of the bag of the TD used in the exploitation of this resource is not adequate. For the 3 different tow durations, the mean fishing yield obtained for the NDD was always superior to the TD, due to its greater efficiency in capture. The proportion of by-catch is significantly higher when the TD is used. For all 3 tow duration, the TD caused mortalities on the target species and on the macrobenthic community in the same order of magnitude as the NDD. Since the fishery of C. chione is managed by daily quotas per boat, when using the NDD the impact on the macrobenthic community is reduced by about 50% due to its greater efficiency of capture. Another advantage in the usage of the NDD relatively to the TD, is to allow the smallest individuals (independently of the species) to escape rapidly through the metallic bars on the grid, increasing their probability of survival.
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Gaspar, M.B., Dias, M.D., Campos, A. et al. The influence of dredge design on the catch of Callista chione (Linnaeus, 1758). Hydrobiologia 465, 153–167 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014587212528
- fishery impact
- Callista chione
- Pharus legumen
- Ensis ensis
- Solen marginatus
- Ensis siliqua
- Mactra glauca
- Lutraria anguistor
- Echinocardium cordatum
- Laevicardium crassum
- Spisula solida
- Venus striatula
- Dosinia exoleta
- Dosinia lupinus
- Acanthocardia tuberculata
- Cymbium olla
- Gibbula sp.
- Nassarius reticulatus
- Astropecten aranciacus
- Pagurus sp.
- Polybius henslowi
- Calappa granulata