Early Childhood Education Journal

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 149–154 | Cite as

The Impact of Child Care on Gender Role Development and Gender Stereotypes

  • Kay A. Chick
  • Rose Ann Heilman-Houser
  • Maxwell W. Hunter


Research has shown that gender role development is socially constructed and learned from birth. In this study, the impact of child care and the interactions that take place there are examined, with a focus on gender behavior and stereotypes. Observation data and analysis are presented. Themes representing gender stereotypes and the breaking of gender barriers are examined, and the role that caregivers can play in the fostering of gender-fair behaviors is discussed.

child care gender development gender stereotypes caregivers 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alloway, N. (1995). Foundation stones: The construction of gender in early childhood. Carlton Vic 3053, Australia: Curriculum Corporation.Google Scholar
  2. American Association of University Women. (1992). The AAUW report: How schools shortchange girls. Washington, DC: AAUW Educational Foundation.Google Scholar
  3. Chick, K., & Heilman-Houser, R. A. (2000). Children's literature choices: Gender stereotypes prevail. Pennsylvania Reads: Journal of the Keystone State Reading Association, 1(2), 3–13.Google Scholar
  4. Evans, K. (1998). Combating gender disparity in education: Guidelines for early childhood educators. Early Childhood Education Journal, 26(2), 83–87.Google Scholar
  5. Fennimore, B. (2000). Talk matters: Refocusing the language of public schooling. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  6. Henkin, R. (1998). Who's invited to share: Using literacy to teach for equity and social justice. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  7. Miles, M., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  8. Pidgeon, S. (1994). Learning and reading gender. In M. Barrs & S. Pidgeon (Eds.), Reading the difference (pp. 20–34). York, ME: Stenhouse Publishers.Google Scholar
  9. Pollack, W. (1998). Real boys: Rescuing our sons from the myths of boyhood. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  10. Sadker, M., & Sadker, D. (1994). Failing at fairness: How our schools cheat girls. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  11. Sims, M., Hutchins, T., & Taylor, M. (1998). Gender segregation in young childen's conflict behavior in child care settings. Child Study Journal, 28(1), 1–16.Google Scholar
  12. Thorne, B. (1993). Gender play: Girls and boys in school. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Walkerdine, V. (1998). Counting girls out: Girls and mathematics. London: The Falmer Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kay A. Chick
    • 1
  • Rose Ann Heilman-Houser
    • 2
  • Maxwell W. Hunter
    • 3
  1. 1.Penn State AltoonaAltoona
  2. 2.Slippery Rock UniversitySlippery Rock
  3. 3.Penn State Altoona

Personalised recommendations