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Preserved Tissue Allografts in Reconstructive Surgery

Abstract

Results of treatment with three various kinds of allografts: lyophilized bone, deep frozen bone and cartilage preserved in physiological solution, all of them radiation-sterilized are presented. We believe that this presentation may be helpful in estimating the tissue bank's allografts and in establishing indications and contraindications in the application of allografts in surgery.

The ‘indices of coincidence’ were compared in a group of 1014 patients after bone (lyophilized and radiation-sterilized) transplantation. It seems that such a variable as ‘rebuilding of graft’ may be of prognostic value in analysing the results of treatment in this group.

The application of frozen and radiation-sterilized allogenic bone grafts for reconstructions is also described. An analysis of the results of treatment in 1125 patients reveals that the use of preserved bone reduces the extent and duration of surgery. Almost total substitution of grafts may be seen in 3–8 months after surgery.

Allogenic, preserved cartilage is often used in facial reconstructions of face. Human costal cartilage, preserved in 0.9% NaCl and radiation-sterilized, was used for reconstruction. The patients were examined 24–190 months after surgery (in several clinical units) and results were collected in a special questionnaire by the team that performed surgery. In an analysed group of 437 patients after cartilage transplantation, 42.2% were operated because of posttraumatical changes, 29.0% because of congenital malformations and in 16.7% non-specific inflammations were the cause of reconstructive operations. Malformations were located mainly in the nose (59%), the ear concha (16.5%) and 10.9% were mandible.

The results of treatment were compared with ages of patients, diagnosis and the locations of the changes. Very good results were achieved in 33.5% of the patients, and satisfactory in 41.8% of the patients. However, in 19.9% of the patients the result of treatment was unsatisfactory. Correlation between some clinical and biological characteristics and the result of treatment is under discussion.

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Komender, J., Marczynski, W., Tylman, D. et al. Preserved Tissue Allografts in Reconstructive Surgery. Cell Tissue Banking 2, 103–112 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014333022132

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Keywords

  • Bone Allograft
  • Spongy Bone
  • Tissue Allograft
  • Facial Reconstruction
  • Bone Transplantation