Skip to main content

International Collaboration in Science in India and its Impact on Institutional Performance


In this paper, our objective is to delineate some of the problems that could arise in using research output for performance evaluation. Research performance in terms of the Impact Factor (IF) of papers, say of scientific institutions in a country, could depend critically on coauthored papers in a situation where internationally co-authored papers are known to have significantly different (higher) impact factors as compared to purely indigenous papers. Thus, international collaboration not only serves to increase the overall output of research papers of an institution, the contribution of such papers to the average Impact Factor of the institutional output could also be disproportionately high. To quantify this effect, an index of gain in impact through foreign collaboration (GIFCOL) is defined such that it ensures comparability between institutions with differing proportions of collaborative output. A case study of major Indian institutions is undertaken, where Cluster Analysis is used to distinguish between intrinsically high performance institutions and those that gain disproportionately in terms of perceived quality of their output as a result of international collaboration.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. T. Lukkonen O. Persson, G. Sivertsen, Understanding patterns of international scientific collaboration, Science, Technology, & Human Values, 17 (1992) 101-126.

    Google Scholar 

  2. H. Kretschmer, A new model of scientific collaboration. Part I: Types of two-dimensional and threedimensional collaboration patterns, Scientometrics, 46 (1999) 501-518.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. A. Basu, B. S. Vinu Kumar, International collaboration in Indian scientific papers, Scientometrics, 48 (2000) 381-402.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. A. Basu, Ritu Aggarwal, Devender Kumar, Geeta Kathuria, Satyendra Jha, Taruna Rani, Scientific productivity...where do we stand? Second brief report on Bibliometric indicators of Indian science, NISTADS Report, January 2000.

  5. A. Basu, Vinu Kumar, Ritu Aggarwal, Geeta Kathuria, Scientific productivity...where do we stand? NISTADS Report, January 1999.

  6. A. Basu, Science publication indicators for India: Questions of interpretation, Scientometrics, 44 (1999) 347-360.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Basu, A., Aggarwal, R. International Collaboration in Science in India and its Impact on Institutional Performance. Scientometrics 52, 379–394 (2001).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Impact Factor
  • International Collaboration
  • Research Output
  • Average Impact
  • Institutional Performance