Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 2437–2445 | Cite as

Behavioral and Chemical Analysis of Venom Gland Secretion of Queens of the Ant Solenopsis geminata

  • Leopoldo Cruz-López
  • Julio C. Rojas
  • Ricardo De La Cruz-Cordero
  • E. David Morgan
Article

Abstract

Bioassays in a Y-tube olfactometer showed that workers of Solenopsis geminata (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) were attracted to venom gland extracts of queens. Gas chromatography coupled mass spectrometry analysis of individual glands of queens of S. geminata showed that the secretion is composed mainly of a large amount of 2-alkyl-6-methylpiperidine alkaloids and a tiny amount of a δ-lactone and a α-pyrone, which have been earlier identified as components of the queen attractant pheromone of Solenopsis invicta Buren. However, additional small amounts of a mixture of sesquiterpenes and pentadecene were found. The possible function of the sesquiterpenoid compounds is discussed.

Solenopsis geminata fire ants venom secretion sesquiterpenes queen pheromone recognition 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. ADAMS, R. P. 1989. Identification of Essential Oils by Ion Trap Mass Spectroscopy. Academic Press, San Diego, California.Google Scholar
  2. BHATKAP, A. P. 1983. Supresión natural de las plagas del frijol (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) en el sistema agrohidráulico de Bancales, pp 78–79, in Proceeding, XVIII Congreso Nacional de Entomología. Sociedad Mexicana de Entomología, México.Google Scholar
  3. BRAND, J. M., BLUM, M. S, FALES, H. M., and MACCONNELL, J. G. 1972. Fire ant venoms: Comparative analysis of alkaloid components. Toxicon 10:259–271.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. BRIAN, M. V. 1973. Queen recognition by brood-rearing workers of the ant Myrmica rubra L. Anim. Behav. 21:691–698.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. CAMACHO, T. R. and GARCIA, P. J. 1981. Observaciones sobre la depredación de Triatoma gerstaeckeri (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) por Solenopsis geminata (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) en condiciones de laboratorio, pp. 179–180, in Proceedings, XXVI Congreso Nacional de Entomología, Veracruz, México.Google Scholar
  6. CARR, C. A. H. 1962. Further studies on the influence of the queen ants of the genus Myrmica. Insectes Soc. 9:197–211.Google Scholar
  7. DEL RIO, L. E. and CASARES, O. 1990. Identificación de factores de mortalidad en frijol de primera postrera en Honduras. Publicaciones Manejo Integrado de Plagas de Honduras.Google Scholar
  8. FIERROS-SANTOS, F. 1995. Conducta de la hormiga de fuego Solenopsis geminata (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) a extractos de glándulas de veneno en condiciones de laboratorio. Thesis. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México, 74 pp.Google Scholar
  9. FLETCHER, D. J. C. and BLUM, M. S. 1983. The inhibitory pheromone of queens fire ants: Effects of disinhibition on dealation and oviposition by virgin queens. J. Comp. Physiol. 153:467–475.Google Scholar
  10. GLANCEY, B.M. 1980. Biological studies of the queen pheromone of the red imported fire ant, pp. 149–154, in Proceedings, Tall Timbers Conference on Ecology, Animal Control and Habitat Manage, Tallahassee. Florida.Google Scholar
  11. GLANCEY, B. M., GLOVER, A., and LOFGREN, C. S. 1981. Pheromone production by virgin queens of Solenopsis invicta Buren. Sociobiology 6:119–127.Google Scholar
  12. GLANCEY, B. M., ROCCA, J., LOFGREN, C. F., and TUMLINSON, J. H. 1984. Field tests with synthetic components of the queen recognition pheromone of the red imported fire ant Solenopsis invicta Buren. Sociobiology 9:19–30.Google Scholar
  13. JOUVENAZ, D. P., BANKS, W. A., and LOFGREN, C. S. 1974. Fire ants: Attraction of workers to queen secretions. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 67:442–444.Google Scholar
  14. LASTRES, M. L. 1990. The role of two predators, Duro taeniatum and Solenopsis geminata F., as control agents of Spodoptera frugiperda in Honduras. MS thesis. Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas, 297 pp.Google Scholar
  15. MACKAY, W. P., MACKAY, E. E., and VINSON, S. B. 1990. La biología de Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Fol. Entomol. Mex. 78:209–240.Google Scholar
  16. MORGAN, E. D. 1990. Preparation of small-scale samples of insects for chromatography. Anal. Chim. Acta 236:227–235.Google Scholar
  17. MORGAN, E. D. and WADHAMS, L. J. 1972. Gas chromatography of volatile compounds in small samples of biological material. J. Chromatogr. Sci. 10:528–529.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. ROCCA, J. R., TUMLINSON, J. H., GLANCEY, B. M., and LOFGREN, C. S. 1983a. The queen recognition pheromone of Solenopsis invicta: Preparation of (E)–6–1(1-pentyl)-2H-pyran-2 one. Tetrahedron Lett. 24:1889–1892.Google Scholar
  19. ROCCA, J. R., TUMLINSON, J. H., GLANCEY, B. M., and LOFGREN, C. S. 1983b. Synthesis and stereochemistry of tetrahydro-3,5-dimethyl-6(1-methylbutyl)-2H-pyran-2-one, a component of the queen recognition pheromone of Solenopsis invicta. Tetrahedron Lett. 24:1893–1896.Google Scholar
  20. STUMPER, R. 1956. Etudes myrmécologiques LXXVII. Les sécretions attractives des reines des fourmis. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 29:373–380.Google Scholar
  21. TRAGER, J. C. 1991. A revision of the fire ants Solenopsis geminata group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). J. N.Y. Entomol. Soc. 99:141–198.Google Scholar
  22. VANDER MEER, R. K., GLANCEY, B. M., LOFGREN, C. S., GLOVER, A., TUMLINSON, J. H., and ROCCA, J. R. 1980. The poison sac of red imported fire ant queens: Source of a pheromone attractant. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 73:609–612.Google Scholar
  23. VANDER MEER, R. K., ALVAREZ, F., and LOFGREN, C. S. 1988. Isolation of the trail recruitment pheromone of Solenopsis invicta. J. Chem. Ecol. 14:825–838.Google Scholar
  24. WATKINS, J. F. and COLE, T.W. 1966. The attraction of army ant workers to secretions of their queens. Tex. J. Sci. 18:254–265.Google Scholar
  25. WHEELER, W. M. 1910. Ants, Theirs Structures Development and Behavior. The Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  26. WILLER, D. E. and FLETCHER. D. J. C. 1986. Differences in inhibitory capability among queens of the ant Solenopsis invicta. Physiol. Entomol. 11:475–482.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leopoldo Cruz-López
    • 1
  • Julio C. Rojas
    • 1
  • Ricardo De La Cruz-Cordero
    • 1
  • E. David Morgan
    • 2
  1. 1.El Colegio de la Frontera SurTapachula, ChiapasMéxico
  2. 2.Chemical Ecology Group, Lennard-Jones Laboratory, School of Chemistry and PhysicsKeele UniversityStaffs.England

Personalised recommendations