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Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 5–26 | Cite as

Pictorial Illustrations Still Improve Students' Learning from Text

  • Russell N. Carney
  • Joel R. Levin
Article

Abstract

Research conducted primarily during the 1970s and 1980s supported the assertion that carefully constructed text illustrations generally enhance learners' performance on a variety of text-dependent cognitive outcomes. Research conducted throughout the 1990s still strongly supports that assertion. The more recent research has extended pictures-in-text conclusions to alternative media and technological formats and has begun to explore more systematically the “whys,” “whens,” and “for whoms” of picture facilitation, in addition to the “whethers” and “how muchs.” Consideration is given here to both more and less conventional types of textbook illustration, with several “tenets for teachers” provided in relation to each type.

pictorial illustrations pictures illustrations pictorial mnemonic strategies text illustrations adjunct pictures 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russell N. Carney
    • 1
  • Joel R. Levin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySouthwest Missouri State UniversitySpringfield
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of ArizonaArizona

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